Introduction: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic disease characterized by persistent joint inflammation. JIA is the most common pediatric chronic rheumatic disease and no curative therapy is currently available. Methotrexate (MTX) is an important treatment for JIA even though a high inter-individual variability in response is observed in patients. Among the factors of this variability, genetics and epigenetics might play an important role. Areas covered: This review summarizes the results of pharmacogenetic and pharmacoepigenetic studies regarding MTX response in JIA. Studies considering epigenetic factors in JIA patients are still very limited, therefore this review includes also studies performed in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Moreover, the relevance of biomarkers measured in blood or urine of JIA patients in relation to MTX treatment is discussed. Expert opinion: Nowadays, even though many pharmacogenomics studies have been published, a specific genetic marker predictor of MTX efficacy or adverse events has not yet been identified. Encouraging results are available and great expectations rely on the study of epigenetics. Future studies are needed in order to identify genetic and epigenetic biomarkers that can be implemented in the clinical practice.

Responses of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis to methotrexate: a genomic outlook

Selvestrel D.;Lucafo M.;Pugnetti L.;Pagarin S.;Moressa V.;Pastore S.;Taddio A.;Stocco G.
;
Decorti G.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic disease characterized by persistent joint inflammation. JIA is the most common pediatric chronic rheumatic disease and no curative therapy is currently available. Methotrexate (MTX) is an important treatment for JIA even though a high inter-individual variability in response is observed in patients. Among the factors of this variability, genetics and epigenetics might play an important role. Areas covered: This review summarizes the results of pharmacogenetic and pharmacoepigenetic studies regarding MTX response in JIA. Studies considering epigenetic factors in JIA patients are still very limited, therefore this review includes also studies performed in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Moreover, the relevance of biomarkers measured in blood or urine of JIA patients in relation to MTX treatment is discussed. Expert opinion: Nowadays, even though many pharmacogenomics studies have been published, a specific genetic marker predictor of MTX efficacy or adverse events has not yet been identified. Encouraging results are available and great expectations rely on the study of epigenetics. Future studies are needed in order to identify genetic and epigenetic biomarkers that can be implemented in the clinical practice.
Pubblicato
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1744666X.2021.1968833
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3004727
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