FLNC truncating mutations (FLNCtv) are prevalent causes of inherited dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), with a high risk of developing arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. We investigated the molecular mechanisms of mutant FLNC in the pathogenesis of arrhythmogenic DCM (a-DCM) using patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell–derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs). We demonstrated that iPSC-CMs from two patients with different FLNCtv mutations displayed arrhythmias and impaired contraction. FLNC ablation induced a similar phenotype, suggesting that FLNCtv are loss-of-function mutations. Coimmunoprecipitation and proteomic analysis identified β-catenin (CTNNB1) as a downstream target. FLNC deficiency induced nuclear translocation of CTNNB1 and subsequently activated the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) pathway, which were also observed in human hearts with a-DCM and FLNCtv. Treatment with the PDGFRA inhibitor, crenolanib, improved contractile function of patient iPSC-CMs. Collectively, our findings suggest that PDGFRA signaling is implicated in the pathogenesis, and inhibition of this pathway is a potential therapeutic strategy in FLNC-related cardiomyopathies.

Activation of PDGFRA signaling contributes to filamin C–related arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy

Gigli M.;Sinagra G.;Mestroni L.
2022

Abstract

FLNC truncating mutations (FLNCtv) are prevalent causes of inherited dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), with a high risk of developing arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. We investigated the molecular mechanisms of mutant FLNC in the pathogenesis of arrhythmogenic DCM (a-DCM) using patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell–derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs). We demonstrated that iPSC-CMs from two patients with different FLNCtv mutations displayed arrhythmias and impaired contraction. FLNC ablation induced a similar phenotype, suggesting that FLNCtv are loss-of-function mutations. Coimmunoprecipitation and proteomic analysis identified β-catenin (CTNNB1) as a downstream target. FLNC deficiency induced nuclear translocation of CTNNB1 and subsequently activated the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) pathway, which were also observed in human hearts with a-DCM and FLNCtv. Treatment with the PDGFRA inhibitor, crenolanib, improved contractile function of patient iPSC-CMs. Collectively, our findings suggest that PDGFRA signaling is implicated in the pathogenesis, and inhibition of this pathway is a potential therapeutic strategy in FLNC-related cardiomyopathies.
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https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.abk0052
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8865769/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3015387
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