Lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (LNENs) classes, as proposed by the World Health Organization 2015, do not provide properly prognostic and therapeutic indications. In fact, high-throughput molecular analysis, based on next-generation sequencing, identified novel molecular subgroups, associated with different genomic signatures, that could pave the way for alternative therapeutic approaches. The present review, coupled with in silico molecular analysis, could show the current genomic alterations state in actual LNENS groups. Interestingly our manuscript suggests that the molecular novelties could improve the LNENs therapeutics efficacy. In more detail, we reported the differences of gene alterations and mutational rate between LNENS, confirming the central pathogenetic role given by a different mutational rate in chromatin remodeling genes and tumor suppressors TP53-RB1. In conclusion, our results underlined that a further molecular layer is needed to improve the efficacy of LNENs medical treatment.Lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (LNENs) represent a rare and heterogeneous population of lung tumors. LNENs incidence rate has increased dramatically over the past 30 years. The current World Health Organization LNENs classification (WHO 2015), distinguished four LNENs prognostic categories, according to their morphology, necrosis amount and mitotic count: typical carcinoid (TC), atypical-carcinoid (AC), large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). At present, due to their rarity and biological heterogeneity there is still no consensus on the best therapeutic approach. Next-generation-sequencing analysis showed that WHO 2015 LNENs classes, could be characterized also by specific molecular alterations: frequently mutated genes involving chromatin remodeling and generally characterized by low mutational burden (MB) are frequently detected in both TC and AC; otherwise, TP53 and RB1 tumor suppressor genes alterations and high MB are usually detected in LCNEC and SCLC. We provide an overview concerning gene mutations in each WHO 2015 LNENs class in order to report the current LNENs mutational status as potential tool to better understand their clinical outcome and to drive medical treatment.

Beyond Traditional Morphological Characterization of Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: In Silico Study of Next-Generation Sequencing Mutations Analysis across the Four World Health Organization Defined Groups

Mangogna, Alessandro
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2020

Abstract

Lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (LNENs) classes, as proposed by the World Health Organization 2015, do not provide properly prognostic and therapeutic indications. In fact, high-throughput molecular analysis, based on next-generation sequencing, identified novel molecular subgroups, associated with different genomic signatures, that could pave the way for alternative therapeutic approaches. The present review, coupled with in silico molecular analysis, could show the current genomic alterations state in actual LNENS groups. Interestingly our manuscript suggests that the molecular novelties could improve the LNENs therapeutics efficacy. In more detail, we reported the differences of gene alterations and mutational rate between LNENS, confirming the central pathogenetic role given by a different mutational rate in chromatin remodeling genes and tumor suppressors TP53-RB1. In conclusion, our results underlined that a further molecular layer is needed to improve the efficacy of LNENs medical treatment.Lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (LNENs) represent a rare and heterogeneous population of lung tumors. LNENs incidence rate has increased dramatically over the past 30 years. The current World Health Organization LNENs classification (WHO 2015), distinguished four LNENs prognostic categories, according to their morphology, necrosis amount and mitotic count: typical carcinoid (TC), atypical-carcinoid (AC), large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). At present, due to their rarity and biological heterogeneity there is still no consensus on the best therapeutic approach. Next-generation-sequencing analysis showed that WHO 2015 LNENs classes, could be characterized also by specific molecular alterations: frequently mutated genes involving chromatin remodeling and generally characterized by low mutational burden (MB) are frequently detected in both TC and AC; otherwise, TP53 and RB1 tumor suppressor genes alterations and high MB are usually detected in LCNEC and SCLC. We provide an overview concerning gene mutations in each WHO 2015 LNENs class in order to report the current LNENs mutational status as potential tool to better understand their clinical outcome and to drive medical treatment.
24-set-2020
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6694/12/10/2753
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7600757/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/3025079
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