The synthesis and isolation of one of the few examples of a pi-extended diamagnetic phenazine dication have been achieved by oxidizing a phenanthrene-based dihydrophenazine precursor. The resulting dication was isolated and fully characterized, highlighting an aromatic distorted structure, generated by the conformational change upon the oxidation of the dihydrophenazine precursor, which is also correlated with a marked electrochromic change in the UV-vis spectrum. The aromaticity of the dication has also been investigated theoretically, proving that the species is aromatic based on all major criteria (structural, magnetic, and energetic). Moreover, the material presents an intriguing dual reactivity, resulting in ring contraction to a p-extended triarylimidazolinium and reduction to the dihydrophenazine precursor, depending on the nature of the nucleophile involved. This result helps shed light on the yet largely unexplored reactivity and properties of extended dicationic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In particular, the fact that the molecule can undergo a reversible change in conformation upon oxidation and reduction opens potential applications for this class of derivatives as molecular switches and actuators.

Phenanthrene-Extended Phenazine Dication: An Electrochromic Conformational Switch Presenting Dual Reactivity

Dosso, Jacopo
;
Bartolomei, Beatrice;Demitri, Nicola;Prato, Maurizio
2022-01-01

Abstract

The synthesis and isolation of one of the few examples of a pi-extended diamagnetic phenazine dication have been achieved by oxidizing a phenanthrene-based dihydrophenazine precursor. The resulting dication was isolated and fully characterized, highlighting an aromatic distorted structure, generated by the conformational change upon the oxidation of the dihydrophenazine precursor, which is also correlated with a marked electrochromic change in the UV-vis spectrum. The aromaticity of the dication has also been investigated theoretically, proving that the species is aromatic based on all major criteria (structural, magnetic, and energetic). Moreover, the material presents an intriguing dual reactivity, resulting in ring contraction to a p-extended triarylimidazolinium and reduction to the dihydrophenazine precursor, depending on the nature of the nucleophile involved. This result helps shed light on the yet largely unexplored reactivity and properties of extended dicationic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In particular, the fact that the molecule can undergo a reversible change in conformation upon oxidation and reduction opens potential applications for this class of derivatives as molecular switches and actuators.
27-apr-2022
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https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/jacs.2c00493
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3025253
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