Aim To explore the cardio-pulmonary function of children returning to play sports after mild or asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods This is a consecutive case series conducted at the Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Trieste, Italy. Paediatric patients who accessed the Institute for cardiologic and pneumological evaluation before the return-to-play competitive sports were recruited, according to the Italian Sports Medical Federation recommendations. Echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, treadmill ECG test and pulmonary function tests were performed. Results One hundred and thirty-two patients (aged 8-17 years old, mean age 12.8 +/- 2.5) were recruited. Among these, 127 children were considered for the final analysis (49.6% females). Out of 127, 84 (66.1%) had a mild symptomatic form of SARS-CoV-2 infection, while 43 (33.9%) were asymptomatic. The main referred symptoms were fever (n = 37, 44%), asthenia (n = 14, 16.7%), rhinitis (n = 16, 19%), ageusia (n = 19, 22.6%), anosmia (n = 24, 28.6%), sore throat (n = 3, 3.6%), cough (n = 9, 10.7%), arthralgia-myalgia (n = 11, 13.1%), headache (n = 23, 27.4%) and gastrointestinal symptoms (n = 7, 8.3%). No child presented evidence of cardio-pulmonary function impairment after an average time of 77.3 days (SD 35) from SARS-CoV-2 swab positivity and a median of 68 days (IQ1 52, IQ3 92.5). Conclusion This preliminary study suggests that, in the absence of specific symptoms, the diagnostic yield of cardio-pulmonary tests before returning to play sports may be very low.

Cardio-pulmonary function among children with mild or asymptomatic COVID-19 infection needing certification for return-to-play

Chicco, Daniela;Rispoli, Francesco;De Nardi, Laura
;
Romano, Sara;Mazzolai, Michele;Bobbo, Marco;Badina, Laura;Barbi, Egidio;Maschio, Massimo
2022

Abstract

Aim To explore the cardio-pulmonary function of children returning to play sports after mild or asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods This is a consecutive case series conducted at the Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Trieste, Italy. Paediatric patients who accessed the Institute for cardiologic and pneumological evaluation before the return-to-play competitive sports were recruited, according to the Italian Sports Medical Federation recommendations. Echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, treadmill ECG test and pulmonary function tests were performed. Results One hundred and thirty-two patients (aged 8-17 years old, mean age 12.8 +/- 2.5) were recruited. Among these, 127 children were considered for the final analysis (49.6% females). Out of 127, 84 (66.1%) had a mild symptomatic form of SARS-CoV-2 infection, while 43 (33.9%) were asymptomatic. The main referred symptoms were fever (n = 37, 44%), asthenia (n = 14, 16.7%), rhinitis (n = 16, 19%), ageusia (n = 19, 22.6%), anosmia (n = 24, 28.6%), sore throat (n = 3, 3.6%), cough (n = 9, 10.7%), arthralgia-myalgia (n = 11, 13.1%), headache (n = 23, 27.4%) and gastrointestinal symptoms (n = 7, 8.3%). No child presented evidence of cardio-pulmonary function impairment after an average time of 77.3 days (SD 35) from SARS-CoV-2 swab positivity and a median of 68 days (IQ1 52, IQ3 92.5). Conclusion This preliminary study suggests that, in the absence of specific symptoms, the diagnostic yield of cardio-pulmonary tests before returning to play sports may be very low.
16-ago-2021
Pubblicato
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jpc.15685
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8447300/
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
JPC-58-152.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 521.56 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
521.56 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/3026624
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact