Pulmonary infarction (PI) is a possible consequence of pulmonary embolism (PE). The real incidence of PI could be underestimated considering only non-fatal PE presentation. However, following postmortem examination, the prevalence of PI is considerably higher. This evidence suggests the necessity of proper diagnostic protocol for identifying PI. Unfortunately, PI diagnosis can sometimes be challenging, due to the overlapping of symptoms with other diseases. Nowadays, the diagnosis is mainly based on radiological evaluation, although the combination with emerging imaging techniques such as ultrasound and nuclear scanning might improve the diagnostic algorithm for PI. This review aims to summarize the available data on the prevalence of PI, the main predisposing factors for the development of PI among patients with PE, to resume the possible diagnostic tools, and finally the clinical and prognostic implications.

Pulmonary Embolism Presenting with Pulmonary Infarction: Update and Practical Review of Literature Data

Gagno, Giulia;D’Errico, Stefano
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Baratella, Elisa;Radaelli, Davide;Fluca, Alessandra Lucia;Pierri, Alessandro;Janjusevic, Milijana;Cova, Maria Assunta;Copetti, Roberto;Sinagra, Gianfranco;Aleksova, Aneta
2022

Abstract

Pulmonary infarction (PI) is a possible consequence of pulmonary embolism (PE). The real incidence of PI could be underestimated considering only non-fatal PE presentation. However, following postmortem examination, the prevalence of PI is considerably higher. This evidence suggests the necessity of proper diagnostic protocol for identifying PI. Unfortunately, PI diagnosis can sometimes be challenging, due to the overlapping of symptoms with other diseases. Nowadays, the diagnosis is mainly based on radiological evaluation, although the combination with emerging imaging techniques such as ultrasound and nuclear scanning might improve the diagnostic algorithm for PI. This review aims to summarize the available data on the prevalence of PI, the main predisposing factors for the development of PI among patients with PE, to resume the possible diagnostic tools, and finally the clinical and prognostic implications.
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https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/11/16/4916
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/3028404
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