The increasing availability of sequenced genomes has enabled a deeper understanding of the complexity of fish lectin repertoires involved in early development and immune recognition. The teleost fucose-type lectin (FTL) family includes proteins that preferentially bind fucose and display tandemly arrayed carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) or are found in mosaic combinations with other domains. They function as opsonins, promoting phagocytosis and the clearance of microbial pathogens. The Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii is a Perciforme living at extremely low temperatures (−1.68 °C) which is considered a model for studying adaptability to the variability of environmental waters. Here, we isolated a Ca++-independent fucose-binding protein from the serum of T. bernacchii by affinity chromatography with apparent molecular weights of 32 and 30 kDa under reducing and non-reducing conditions, respectively. We have characterized its carbohydrate binding properties, thermal stability and potential ability to recognize bacterial pathogens. In western blot analysis, the protein showed intense cross-reactivity with antibodies specific for a sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fucose-binding lectin. In addition, its molecular and structural aspects, showing that it contains two CRD-FTLs confirmed that T. bernacchii FTL (TbFTL) is a bona fide member of the FTL family, with binding activity at low temperatures and the ability to agglutinate bacteria, thereby suggesting it participates in host-pathogen interactions in low temperature environments.

F-type lectin from serum of the Antarctic teleost fish Trematomus bernacchii (Boulenger, 1902): Purification, structural characterization, and bacterial agglutinating activity

Giulianini P. G.;Manfrin C.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The increasing availability of sequenced genomes has enabled a deeper understanding of the complexity of fish lectin repertoires involved in early development and immune recognition. The teleost fucose-type lectin (FTL) family includes proteins that preferentially bind fucose and display tandemly arrayed carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) or are found in mosaic combinations with other domains. They function as opsonins, promoting phagocytosis and the clearance of microbial pathogens. The Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii is a Perciforme living at extremely low temperatures (−1.68 °C) which is considered a model for studying adaptability to the variability of environmental waters. Here, we isolated a Ca++-independent fucose-binding protein from the serum of T. bernacchii by affinity chromatography with apparent molecular weights of 32 and 30 kDa under reducing and non-reducing conditions, respectively. We have characterized its carbohydrate binding properties, thermal stability and potential ability to recognize bacterial pathogens. In western blot analysis, the protein showed intense cross-reactivity with antibodies specific for a sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fucose-binding lectin. In addition, its molecular and structural aspects, showing that it contains two CRD-FTLs confirmed that T. bernacchii FTL (TbFTL) is a bona fide member of the FTL family, with binding activity at low temperatures and the ability to agglutinate bacteria, thereby suggesting it participates in host-pathogen interactions in low temperature environments.
2021
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1096495921000725
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3028959
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