We present a directed search for continuous gravitational wave (CW) signals emitted by spinning neutron stars located in the inner parsecs of the Galactic Center (GC). Compelling evidence for the presence of a numerous population of neutron stars has been reported in the literature, turning this region into a very interesting place to look for CWs. In this search, data from the full O3 LIGO-Virgo run in the detector frequency band [10, 2000] Hz have been used. No significant detection was found and 95% confidence level upper limits on the signal strain amplitude were computed, over the full search band, with the deepest limit of about 7.6 × 10e−26 at ≈ 142 Hz. These results are significantly more constraining than those reported in previous searches. We use these limits to put constraints on the fiducial neutron star ellipticity and r-mode amplitude. These limits can be also translated into constraints in the black hole mass–boson mass plane for a hypothetical population of boson clouds around spinning black holes located in the GC.

Search for continuous gravitational wave emission from the Milky Way center in O3 LIGO-Virgo data

Ansoldi, S.;Halim, O.;Milotti, E.;Trovato, A.;Virtuoso, A.;
2022

Abstract

We present a directed search for continuous gravitational wave (CW) signals emitted by spinning neutron stars located in the inner parsecs of the Galactic Center (GC). Compelling evidence for the presence of a numerous population of neutron stars has been reported in the literature, turning this region into a very interesting place to look for CWs. In this search, data from the full O3 LIGO-Virgo run in the detector frequency band [10, 2000] Hz have been used. No significant detection was found and 95% confidence level upper limits on the signal strain amplitude were computed, over the full search band, with the deepest limit of about 7.6 × 10e−26 at ≈ 142 Hz. These results are significantly more constraining than those reported in previous searches. We use these limits to put constraints on the fiducial neutron star ellipticity and r-mode amplitude. These limits can be also translated into constraints in the black hole mass–boson mass plane for a hypothetical population of boson clouds around spinning black holes located in the GC.
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https://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.106.042003
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3029011
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