Objectives Umbilical vein flow (UVF) is reduced in fetal growth restriction (FGR). We compared absolute and size-adjusted UVF (estimated fetal weight [EFW] and abdominal circumference [AC]) and rates of abnormal UVF parameters (<10th percentile) among FGR fetuses meeting Delphi criteria (FGR-D) against small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) controls. Methods Absolute UVF, UVF/EFW, and UVF/AC were compared between 73 FGR pregnancies (35 FGR-D, 38 SGA) and 108 AGA controls. Rates of abnormal UVF were compared to abnormal umbilical artery pulsatility index (UAPI). Independent samples t-tests, Mann-Whitney U, odds ratio (OR), chi-squared, and Fisher's exact tests were used as appropriate. Results Mean absolute UVF was significantly decreased in FGR-D compared to AGA (P = .0147), but not between SGA and AGA fetuses. The incidence of both abnormal absolute UVF and UVF/AC values (<10th centile) was higher among late-onset FGR fetuses versus AGA fetuses (UVF: OR 2.7, confidence interval [CI] 1.37-5.4; UVF/AC: OR 2.73, CI 1.37-5.4). UVF was more frequently abnormal than UAPI and in only two fetuses were both Doppler values abnormal. Conclusion Absolute UVF is altered in late-onset FGR, and most pronounced among FGR-D. UVF may provide additional insight into fetal compromise in those affected by growth restriction.

Umbilical Venous Volume Flow in Late-Onset Fetal Growth Restriction

Stampalija, Tamara;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives Umbilical vein flow (UVF) is reduced in fetal growth restriction (FGR). We compared absolute and size-adjusted UVF (estimated fetal weight [EFW] and abdominal circumference [AC]) and rates of abnormal UVF parameters (<10th percentile) among FGR fetuses meeting Delphi criteria (FGR-D) against small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) controls. Methods Absolute UVF, UVF/EFW, and UVF/AC were compared between 73 FGR pregnancies (35 FGR-D, 38 SGA) and 108 AGA controls. Rates of abnormal UVF were compared to abnormal umbilical artery pulsatility index (UAPI). Independent samples t-tests, Mann-Whitney U, odds ratio (OR), chi-squared, and Fisher's exact tests were used as appropriate. Results Mean absolute UVF was significantly decreased in FGR-D compared to AGA (P = .0147), but not between SGA and AGA fetuses. The incidence of both abnormal absolute UVF and UVF/AC values (<10th centile) was higher among late-onset FGR fetuses versus AGA fetuses (UVF: OR 2.7, confidence interval [CI] 1.37-5.4; UVF/AC: OR 2.73, CI 1.37-5.4). UVF was more frequently abnormal than UAPI and in only two fetuses were both Doppler values abnormal. Conclusion Absolute UVF is altered in late-onset FGR, and most pronounced among FGR-D. UVF may provide additional insight into fetal compromise in those affected by growth restriction.
22-apr-2022
Pubblicato
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jum.15993
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3029246
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