Objectives of review: To review the literature for the evidence base for the aetiology and management of referred otalgia, looking particularly at non-malignant, neuralgic, structural and functional issues. Type of review: Systematic review. Search strategy: A systematic literature search was undertaken from the databases of EMBASE, CINAHL, MEDLINE®, BNI, and Cochrane Library according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Evaluation method: All relevant titles, abstracts and full text articles were reviewed by three authors who resolved any differences by discussion and consultation with senior author. Results: 44 articles were included in our review. The overall quality of evidence was low, with the vast majority of the studies being case-series with three cohort and four randomised-controlled trials included. The prime causes and management strategies were focussed on temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD), Eagle syndrome and neuralgia. Our meta-analyses found no difference on the management strategies for the interventions found. Conclusions: Referred otalgia is common and treatment should be aimed at the underlying pathology. Potential aetiologies are vast given the extensive sensory innervation of the ear. An understanding of this and a structured approach to patient assessment is important for optimal patient management.

Aetiology and management options for secondary referred otalgia: a systematic review and meta-analyses

Boscolo-Rizzo, Paolo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives of review: To review the literature for the evidence base for the aetiology and management of referred otalgia, looking particularly at non-malignant, neuralgic, structural and functional issues. Type of review: Systematic review. Search strategy: A systematic literature search was undertaken from the databases of EMBASE, CINAHL, MEDLINE®, BNI, and Cochrane Library according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Evaluation method: All relevant titles, abstracts and full text articles were reviewed by three authors who resolved any differences by discussion and consultation with senior author. Results: 44 articles were included in our review. The overall quality of evidence was low, with the vast majority of the studies being case-series with three cohort and four randomised-controlled trials included. The prime causes and management strategies were focussed on temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD), Eagle syndrome and neuralgia. Our meta-analyses found no difference on the management strategies for the interventions found. Conclusions: Referred otalgia is common and treatment should be aimed at the underlying pathology. Potential aetiologies are vast given the extensive sensory innervation of the ear. An understanding of this and a structured approach to patient assessment is important for optimal patient management.
26-set-2022
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https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00405-022-07638-7
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3030424
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