Background: bone scintigraphy is extremely valuable when assessing patients with suspected cardiac amyloidosis (CA), but the clinical significance and associated phenotype of different degrees of cardiac uptake across different types is yet to be defined. Objectives: this study sought to define the phenotypes of patients with varying degrees of cardiac uptake on bone scintigraphy, across multiple types of systemic amyloidosis, using extensive characterization comprising biomarkers as well as echocardiographic and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Methods: a total of 296 patients (117 with immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis [AL], 165 with transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis [ATTR], 7 with apolipoprotein AI amyloidosis [AApoAI], and 7 with apolipoprotein AIV amyloidosis [AApoAIV]) underwent deep characterization of their cardiac phenotype. Results: AL patients with grade 0 myocardial radiotracer uptake spanned the spectrum of CMR findings from no CA to characteristic CA, whereas AL patients with grades 1 to 3 always produced characteristic CMR features. In ATTR, the CA burden strongly correlated with myocardial tracer uptake, except in Ser77Tyr. AApoAI presented with grade 0 or 1 and disproportionate right-sided involvement. AApoAIV always presented with grade 0 and characteristic CA. AL grade 1 patients (n = 48; 100%) had characteristic CA, whereas only ATTR grade 1 patients with Ser77Tyr had characteristic CA on CMR (n = 5; 11.4%). After exclusion of Ser77Tyr, AApoAI, and AApoAIV, CMR showing characteristic CA or an extracellular volume of >0.40 in patients with grade 0 to 1 cardiac uptake had a sensitivity and specificity of 100% for AL. Conclusions: there is a wide variation in cardiac phenotype between different amyloidosis types across different degrees of cardiac uptake. The combination of CMR and bone scintigraphy can help to define the diagnostic differentials and the clinical phenotype in each individual patient.

Multi-Imaging Characterization of Cardiac Phenotype in Different Types of Amyloidosis

Porcari, Aldostefano;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: bone scintigraphy is extremely valuable when assessing patients with suspected cardiac amyloidosis (CA), but the clinical significance and associated phenotype of different degrees of cardiac uptake across different types is yet to be defined. Objectives: this study sought to define the phenotypes of patients with varying degrees of cardiac uptake on bone scintigraphy, across multiple types of systemic amyloidosis, using extensive characterization comprising biomarkers as well as echocardiographic and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Methods: a total of 296 patients (117 with immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis [AL], 165 with transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis [ATTR], 7 with apolipoprotein AI amyloidosis [AApoAI], and 7 with apolipoprotein AIV amyloidosis [AApoAIV]) underwent deep characterization of their cardiac phenotype. Results: AL patients with grade 0 myocardial radiotracer uptake spanned the spectrum of CMR findings from no CA to characteristic CA, whereas AL patients with grades 1 to 3 always produced characteristic CMR features. In ATTR, the CA burden strongly correlated with myocardial tracer uptake, except in Ser77Tyr. AApoAI presented with grade 0 or 1 and disproportionate right-sided involvement. AApoAIV always presented with grade 0 and characteristic CA. AL grade 1 patients (n = 48; 100%) had characteristic CA, whereas only ATTR grade 1 patients with Ser77Tyr had characteristic CA on CMR (n = 5; 11.4%). After exclusion of Ser77Tyr, AApoAI, and AApoAIV, CMR showing characteristic CA or an extracellular volume of >0.40 in patients with grade 0 to 1 cardiac uptake had a sensitivity and specificity of 100% for AL. Conclusions: there is a wide variation in cardiac phenotype between different amyloidosis types across different degrees of cardiac uptake. The combination of CMR and bone scintigraphy can help to define the diagnostic differentials and the clinical phenotype in each individual patient.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S1936878X22004193-main.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.15 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.15 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
1-s2.0-S1936878X22004193-mmc1.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 100.06 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
100.06 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3030501
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact