The female genital tract can be involved as a secondary manifestation of disseminated lymphomas or leukemia but can rarely be the primary site of so-called extranodal lymphomas. Primary lymphomas of the female genital tract can affect the uterine corpus, uterine cervix, vulva, vagina or adnexa. Only about 0.008% of all cervical tumors are primary malignant lymphomas. The presenting symptoms are unspecific and also refer to much more common diseases of the female genital tract. Cervical cytology is usually negative. Preoperative diagnosis requires deep cervical biopsy. To date there is no consensus regarding optimal treatment. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery are used in different association. We report the first case reported in literature managed with an urgent hysteroscopic resection of a primary cervical diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. Relevant literature was reviewed. Our conservative approach needs to be validated in the future, especially for women with pregnancy desire and for those with low performance status. To date, after 24 months from diagnosis, our patient is still disease-free.

Hysteroscopic Resection Followed by Adjuvant Radiotherapy: Report of a New Therapeutic Approach to Primary Cervical Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Stabile, Guglielmo
;
Sancin, Lara;Ripepi, Chiara;Ricci, Giuseppe
2022-01-01

Abstract

The female genital tract can be involved as a secondary manifestation of disseminated lymphomas or leukemia but can rarely be the primary site of so-called extranodal lymphomas. Primary lymphomas of the female genital tract can affect the uterine corpus, uterine cervix, vulva, vagina or adnexa. Only about 0.008% of all cervical tumors are primary malignant lymphomas. The presenting symptoms are unspecific and also refer to much more common diseases of the female genital tract. Cervical cytology is usually negative. Preoperative diagnosis requires deep cervical biopsy. To date there is no consensus regarding optimal treatment. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery are used in different association. We report the first case reported in literature managed with an urgent hysteroscopic resection of a primary cervical diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. Relevant literature was reviewed. Our conservative approach needs to be validated in the future, especially for women with pregnancy desire and for those with low performance status. To date, after 24 months from diagnosis, our patient is still disease-free.
2022
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/18/11779
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9517014/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3032640
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