We analysed the major, minor and trace elements chemistry of forty-two Cr-spinels from four Siberian kimberlites. They showed a wide range in Mg# (Mg/(Mg + Fe2+); 0.42–0.78) and Cr# (Cr/(Cr + Al); 0.32–0.92) and a common trend of increasing Cr# with decreasing Mg#. The major element classification schemes suggested that there were spinels deriving from a peridotitic source (Xen) and spinels crystallised from kimberlitic melts (Chr). Laser-Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry on both groups showed that the trace elements with the highest abundance were Mn (985–3390 ppm), Ni (531–3162 ppm), V (694–2510 ppm) and Zn (475–2230 ppm). Testing the effectiveness of trace elements in determining the source for Cr-spinels, we found out that Cr-spinels crystallised directly from a kimberlitic melt usually showed higher Mn, Ni, Sc and V concentrations with respect to those of peridotitic origin. In addition, using the available partitioning models, we found that the correlations between major elements and Ni, Co, Sc and Ga in the Xen group could be explained by subsolidus equilibration between spinel, olivine and clinopyroxene at 800–1000 °C, thus supporting a peridotitic source for this group. Finally, we calculated the composition of the possible melts in equilibrium with the Cr-spinels of the Chr group, using a selected set of partition coefficients. Calculated abundances of Cu, Ga and Zr were comparable to those of the kimberlite, while V was never close to the kimberlite composition. This simulation highlighted the need for new data on the trace elements partition coefficients between kimberlitic melts and Cr-spinel.

Trace Elements in Chromian Spinels from Four Siberian Kimberlites

Marco Venier
;
Luca Ziberna;Francesco Princivalle;Vanni Lughi;Gianluca Turco;Davide Lenaz
2022

Abstract

We analysed the major, minor and trace elements chemistry of forty-two Cr-spinels from four Siberian kimberlites. They showed a wide range in Mg# (Mg/(Mg + Fe2+); 0.42–0.78) and Cr# (Cr/(Cr + Al); 0.32–0.92) and a common trend of increasing Cr# with decreasing Mg#. The major element classification schemes suggested that there were spinels deriving from a peridotitic source (Xen) and spinels crystallised from kimberlitic melts (Chr). Laser-Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry on both groups showed that the trace elements with the highest abundance were Mn (985–3390 ppm), Ni (531–3162 ppm), V (694–2510 ppm) and Zn (475–2230 ppm). Testing the effectiveness of trace elements in determining the source for Cr-spinels, we found out that Cr-spinels crystallised directly from a kimberlitic melt usually showed higher Mn, Ni, Sc and V concentrations with respect to those of peridotitic origin. In addition, using the available partitioning models, we found that the correlations between major elements and Ni, Co, Sc and Ga in the Xen group could be explained by subsolidus equilibration between spinel, olivine and clinopyroxene at 800–1000 °C, thus supporting a peridotitic source for this group. Finally, we calculated the composition of the possible melts in equilibrium with the Cr-spinels of the Chr group, using a selected set of partition coefficients. Calculated abundances of Cu, Ga and Zr were comparable to those of the kimberlite, while V was never close to the kimberlite composition. This simulation highlighted the need for new data on the trace elements partition coefficients between kimberlitic melts and Cr-spinel.
13-nov-2022
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2075-163X/12/11/1439
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3034039
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