The bottom-up synthesis of self-assembled micro-compartmentalised systems that mimic basic characteristics of living cells is rapidly evolving. These types of systems are termed “protocells” and can be chemically programmed to grow and divide, to send and receive chemical signals, to transcript and translate chemical information, to adhere to surfaces or to other protocells, and to perform rudimental enzyme-mediated metabolic processes. An emerging protocell model that is attracting great attention is the colloidosome. Colloidosomes are microcapsules with a chemically crosslinked, semipermeable membrane composed of amphiphilic nanoparticles. Colloidosomes display important advantages over other protocell models (e. g., vesicles and coacervate micro-droplets) due to their physical-chemical properties that can be easily tuned through the careful engineering of their synthetic building blocks. In this review, we deliver an overview of the different types of colloidosomes that have been developed thus far and discuss how organic chemistry contributes to the design and bottom-up synthesis of novel types of colloidosomes endowed with advanced chemically programmed bio-inspired functions.

Colloidosomes as a Protocell Model: Engineering Life-Like Behaviour through Organic Chemistry

Agostino Galanti;Pierangelo Gobbo
2022-01-01

Abstract

The bottom-up synthesis of self-assembled micro-compartmentalised systems that mimic basic characteristics of living cells is rapidly evolving. These types of systems are termed “protocells” and can be chemically programmed to grow and divide, to send and receive chemical signals, to transcript and translate chemical information, to adhere to surfaces or to other protocells, and to perform rudimental enzyme-mediated metabolic processes. An emerging protocell model that is attracting great attention is the colloidosome. Colloidosomes are microcapsules with a chemically crosslinked, semipermeable membrane composed of amphiphilic nanoparticles. Colloidosomes display important advantages over other protocell models (e. g., vesicles and coacervate micro-droplets) due to their physical-chemical properties that can be easily tuned through the careful engineering of their synthetic building blocks. In this review, we deliver an overview of the different types of colloidosomes that have been developed thus far and discuss how organic chemistry contributes to the design and bottom-up synthesis of novel types of colloidosomes endowed with advanced chemically programmed bio-inspired functions.
Pubblicato
https://chemistry-europe.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ejoc.202200968
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Eur J Org Chem - 2022 - Park - Colloidosomes as a Protocell Model Engineering Lifeâ Like Behaviour through Organic.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 6.94 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.94 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3034180
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact