We analyzed a 100 μs MD trajectory of the SARS-CoV-2 main protease by a non-parametric data analysis approach which allows characterizing a free energy landscape as a simultaneous function of hundreds of variables. We identified several conformations that, when visited by the dynamics, are stable for several hundred nanoseconds. We explicitly characterize and describe these metastable states. In some of these configurations, the catalytic dyad is less accessible. Stabilizing them by a suitable binder could lead to an inhibition of the enzymatic activity. In our analysis we keep track of relevant contacts between residues which are selectively broken or formed in the states. Some of these contacts are formed by residues which are far from the catalytic dyad and are accessible to the solvent. Based on this analysis we propose some relevant contact patterns and three possible binding sites which could be targeted to achieve allosteric inhibition.

Candidate Binding Sites for Allosteric Inhibition of the SARS-CoV-2 Main Protease from the Analysis of Large-Scale Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Rodriguez Garcia, A.;Laio, A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

We analyzed a 100 μs MD trajectory of the SARS-CoV-2 main protease by a non-parametric data analysis approach which allows characterizing a free energy landscape as a simultaneous function of hundreds of variables. We identified several conformations that, when visited by the dynamics, are stable for several hundred nanoseconds. We explicitly characterize and describe these metastable states. In some of these configurations, the catalytic dyad is less accessible. Stabilizing them by a suitable binder could lead to an inhibition of the enzymatic activity. In our analysis we keep track of relevant contacts between residues which are selectively broken or formed in the states. Some of these contacts are formed by residues which are far from the catalytic dyad and are accessible to the solvent. Based on this analysis we propose some relevant contact patterns and three possible binding sites which could be targeted to achieve allosteric inhibition.
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https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c03182
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3034863
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