Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most diagnosed malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with poor overall survival despite available curative treatments. One of the most crucial factors influencing survival in HCC is recurrence. The current study aims to determine factors associated with early recurrence of HCC in patients with BCLC Stage 0 or Stage A treated with surgical resection or local ablation. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 58 consecutive patients diagnosed with HCC within BCLC Stage 0 or Stage A and treated either by surgical resection or local ablation with maximum nodule diameter < 50 mm. In the first year of follow-up after treatment, imaging was performed regularly one month after treatment and then every three months. Each case was discussed collectively by the Liver Multidisciplinary Group to decide diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and disease recurrence. Variables resulting in statistically significant difference were then studied by Cox regression analysis; univariately and then multivariately based on forward stepwise Cox regression. Results are represented in hazard ratio (H.R.) with 95% confidence interval (C.I.). Results: There was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rates (34.8 vs. 45.7%, log-rank test, p = 0.274) between patients undergoing surgical resection and local ablation, respectively. Early recurrence was associated with male gender (HR 2.5, 95% C.I. 1.9–3.1), nodule diameter > 20 mm (HR 4.5, 95% C.I. 3.9–5.1), platelet count < 125 × 103 cell/mm3 (HR 1.6, 95% C.I. 1.2–1.9), platelet-lymphocyte ratio < 95 (HR 2.1, 95% C.I. 1.7–2.6), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio < 2.5 (HR 1.9, 95% C.I. 1.4–2.5), and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio > 2 (HR 2.7, 95% C.I. 2.2–3.3). Discussion and Conclusions: Our results are in line with the current literature. Male gender and tumor nodule dimension are the main risk factors associated with early HCC recurrence. Platelet count and other combined scores can be used as predictive tools for early HCC recurrence, although more studies are needed to define cut-offs.

Predictors of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Early Recurrence in Patients Treated with Surgical Resection or Ablation Treatment: A Single-Center Experience

Giuffrè M.
;
Zuliani E.;Visintin Alessia.;Tarchi P.;Martingano P.;Pizzolato R.;Bonazza D.;Masutti F.;Moretti R.;Croce L. S.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most diagnosed malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with poor overall survival despite available curative treatments. One of the most crucial factors influencing survival in HCC is recurrence. The current study aims to determine factors associated with early recurrence of HCC in patients with BCLC Stage 0 or Stage A treated with surgical resection or local ablation. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 58 consecutive patients diagnosed with HCC within BCLC Stage 0 or Stage A and treated either by surgical resection or local ablation with maximum nodule diameter < 50 mm. In the first year of follow-up after treatment, imaging was performed regularly one month after treatment and then every three months. Each case was discussed collectively by the Liver Multidisciplinary Group to decide diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and disease recurrence. Variables resulting in statistically significant difference were then studied by Cox regression analysis; univariately and then multivariately based on forward stepwise Cox regression. Results are represented in hazard ratio (H.R.) with 95% confidence interval (C.I.). Results: There was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rates (34.8 vs. 45.7%, log-rank test, p = 0.274) between patients undergoing surgical resection and local ablation, respectively. Early recurrence was associated with male gender (HR 2.5, 95% C.I. 1.9–3.1), nodule diameter > 20 mm (HR 4.5, 95% C.I. 3.9–5.1), platelet count < 125 × 103 cell/mm3 (HR 1.6, 95% C.I. 1.2–1.9), platelet-lymphocyte ratio < 95 (HR 2.1, 95% C.I. 1.7–2.6), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio < 2.5 (HR 1.9, 95% C.I. 1.4–2.5), and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio > 2 (HR 2.7, 95% C.I. 2.2–3.3). Discussion and Conclusions: Our results are in line with the current literature. Male gender and tumor nodule dimension are the main risk factors associated with early HCC recurrence. Platelet count and other combined scores can be used as predictive tools for early HCC recurrence, although more studies are needed to define cut-offs.
18-ott-2022
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4418/12/10/2517
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9600725/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3036218
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