Background: To assess the clinical efficacy, tolerability and safety of a new-generation ophthalmic solution containing cross-linked hyaluronic acid 0.15% trehalose 3%, liposomes 1% and sterylamine 0.25% (Trimix(R) Off Health Italia, Firenze, Italy) (CXHAL) versus trehalose 3% (Thealoz(R), Thea Pharmaceuticals, Clermont-Ferrand, France) (TRS) in subjects with moderate to severe dry eye disease (DED). Patients and methods: In this prospective, observational cohort study, 41 subjects with moderate to severe dry eye were enrolled and divided into two age- and sex-matched groups. Group 1 was treated with CXHA eye drops, and group 2 was treated with TRS eye drops four times daily for 2 months. All subjects were evaluated at baseline (V0) and at day 60 +/- 3 (V1). The examination comprised Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) and Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye (SANDE). Tear osmolarity was evaluated using the TearLab Osmolarity System(R); Keratograph 5M (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) was performed to assess tear meniscus height (TMH), fluorescein tear break-up time (TBUT) and corneal and conjunctival fluorescein staining and meibography; furthermore, slit lamp evaluation was performed for eyelid erythema and edema, conjunctival chemosis and hyperemia and Meibomian gland secretion quality. Results: All patients completed the treatment. BCVA remained stable in both groups, and no adverse events were reported. After 2 months, both groups showed statistically significant improvements for SANDE (p = 0.001 and p = 0.012, respectively), TBUT values (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively) and staining (p = 0.004 and p = 0.001, respectively) as compared to baseline values. Group 1 showed a statistically significant improvement in SANDE frequency and tear osmolarity (p = 0.02 and p = 0.001, respectively), whereas chemosis was significantly reduced in group 2. The amount of TBUT improvement was statistically higher in group 1 compared to that in group 2 (p = 0.041). Conclusion: A new-generation multiple-action ophthalmic solution was safe and clinically effective in the treatment of moderate and severe dry eye, with significant improvements in the main ocular surface parameters.

Clinical Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of a New Multiple-Action Eyedrop in Subjects with Moderate to Severe Dry Eye

Inferrera, Leandro
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: To assess the clinical efficacy, tolerability and safety of a new-generation ophthalmic solution containing cross-linked hyaluronic acid 0.15% trehalose 3%, liposomes 1% and sterylamine 0.25% (Trimix(R) Off Health Italia, Firenze, Italy) (CXHAL) versus trehalose 3% (Thealoz(R), Thea Pharmaceuticals, Clermont-Ferrand, France) (TRS) in subjects with moderate to severe dry eye disease (DED). Patients and methods: In this prospective, observational cohort study, 41 subjects with moderate to severe dry eye were enrolled and divided into two age- and sex-matched groups. Group 1 was treated with CXHA eye drops, and group 2 was treated with TRS eye drops four times daily for 2 months. All subjects were evaluated at baseline (V0) and at day 60 +/- 3 (V1). The examination comprised Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) and Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye (SANDE). Tear osmolarity was evaluated using the TearLab Osmolarity System(R); Keratograph 5M (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) was performed to assess tear meniscus height (TMH), fluorescein tear break-up time (TBUT) and corneal and conjunctival fluorescein staining and meibography; furthermore, slit lamp evaluation was performed for eyelid erythema and edema, conjunctival chemosis and hyperemia and Meibomian gland secretion quality. Results: All patients completed the treatment. BCVA remained stable in both groups, and no adverse events were reported. After 2 months, both groups showed statistically significant improvements for SANDE (p = 0.001 and p = 0.012, respectively), TBUT values (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively) and staining (p = 0.004 and p = 0.001, respectively) as compared to baseline values. Group 1 showed a statistically significant improvement in SANDE frequency and tear osmolarity (p = 0.02 and p = 0.001, respectively), whereas chemosis was significantly reduced in group 2. The amount of TBUT improvement was statistically higher in group 1 compared to that in group 2 (p = 0.041). Conclusion: A new-generation multiple-action ophthalmic solution was safe and clinically effective in the treatment of moderate and severe dry eye, with significant improvements in the main ocular surface parameters.
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/11/23/6975
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9740530/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3037099
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