Growing evidence suggests that changes in muscle mass and function may further contribute to health risk assessment in individuals who are obese. As numbers for both obese and aged population subgroups are increasing worldwide, sarcopenic obesity is emerging as a relevant factor associated with higher risk for adverse events and outcomes in several clinical settings, including cancer. Recent reports showing that prevalence of sarcopenic obesity may involve up to one-third of patients with cancer despite body mass index strongly support the need for its evaluation in oncological clinical practice. In fact, in several cancer types, sarcopenic obesity is associated with poorer outcomes that include metabolic and surgical complications, longer hospitalization, physical disability, and shorter survival. Importantly, sarcopenic obesity may also have an effect on chemotherapy, as it may induce a higher risk for dose-limiting-toxicity. The aim of this review was to present an updated overview on the definition, effects, mechanisms, and clinical relevance of sarcopenia in this setting.(c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Sarcopenic obesity: What about in the cancer setting?

Gortan Cappellari, Gianluca;Barazzoni, Rocco
Membro del Collaboration Group
2022-01-01

Abstract

Growing evidence suggests that changes in muscle mass and function may further contribute to health risk assessment in individuals who are obese. As numbers for both obese and aged population subgroups are increasing worldwide, sarcopenic obesity is emerging as a relevant factor associated with higher risk for adverse events and outcomes in several clinical settings, including cancer. Recent reports showing that prevalence of sarcopenic obesity may involve up to one-third of patients with cancer despite body mass index strongly support the need for its evaluation in oncological clinical practice. In fact, in several cancer types, sarcopenic obesity is associated with poorer outcomes that include metabolic and surgical complications, longer hospitalization, physical disability, and shorter survival. Importantly, sarcopenic obesity may also have an effect on chemotherapy, as it may induce a higher risk for dose-limiting-toxicity. The aim of this review was to present an updated overview on the definition, effects, mechanisms, and clinical relevance of sarcopenia in this setting.(c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3037738
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