Background: The modulatory effects of medication and deep brain stimulation (DBS) on subthalamic nucleus (STN) neural activity in Parkinson's disease have been widely studied. However, effects on the contralateral side to the stimulated STN, in particular, changes in local field potential (LFP) oscillatory activity and phase-amplitude coupling (PAC), have not yet been reported. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine changes in STN LFP activity across a range of frequency bands and STN PAC for different combinations of DBS and medication on/off on the side contralateral to the applied stimulation. Materials and methods: We examined STN LFPs that were recorded using externalized leads from eight parkinsonian patients during unilateral DBS from the side contralateral to the stimulation. LFP spectral power in alpha (5 to ∼13 Hz), low beta (13 to ∼20 Hz), high beta (20-30 Hz), and high gamma plus high-frequency oscillation (high gamma+HFO) (100-400 Hz) bands were estimated for different combinations of medication and unilateral stimulation (off/on). PAC between beta and high gamma+HFO in the STN LFPs was also investigated. The effect of the condition was examined using linear mixed models. Results: PAC in the STN LFP was reduced by DBS when compared to the baseline condition (no medication and stimulation). Medication had no significant effect on PAC. Alpha power decreased with DBS, both alone and when combined with medication. Beta power decreased with DBS, medication, and DBS and medication combined. High gamma+HFO power increased during the application of contralateral DBS and was unaltered by medication. Conclusions: The results provide new insights into the effects of DBS and levodopa on STN LFP PAC and oscillatory activity on the side contralateral to stimulation. These may have important implications in understanding mechanisms underlying motor improvements with DBS, including changes on both contralateral and ipsilateral sides, while suggesting a possible role for contralateral sensing during unilateral DBS.

Effects of Contralateral Deep Brain Stimulation and Levodopa on Subthalamic Nucleus Oscillatory Activity and Phase-Amplitude Coupling

Marceglia, Sara;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: The modulatory effects of medication and deep brain stimulation (DBS) on subthalamic nucleus (STN) neural activity in Parkinson's disease have been widely studied. However, effects on the contralateral side to the stimulated STN, in particular, changes in local field potential (LFP) oscillatory activity and phase-amplitude coupling (PAC), have not yet been reported. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine changes in STN LFP activity across a range of frequency bands and STN PAC for different combinations of DBS and medication on/off on the side contralateral to the applied stimulation. Materials and methods: We examined STN LFPs that were recorded using externalized leads from eight parkinsonian patients during unilateral DBS from the side contralateral to the stimulation. LFP spectral power in alpha (5 to ∼13 Hz), low beta (13 to ∼20 Hz), high beta (20-30 Hz), and high gamma plus high-frequency oscillation (high gamma+HFO) (100-400 Hz) bands were estimated for different combinations of medication and unilateral stimulation (off/on). PAC between beta and high gamma+HFO in the STN LFPs was also investigated. The effect of the condition was examined using linear mixed models. Results: PAC in the STN LFP was reduced by DBS when compared to the baseline condition (no medication and stimulation). Medication had no significant effect on PAC. Alpha power decreased with DBS, both alone and when combined with medication. Beta power decreased with DBS, medication, and DBS and medication combined. High gamma+HFO power increased during the application of contralateral DBS and was unaltered by medication. Conclusions: The results provide new insights into the effects of DBS and levodopa on STN LFP PAC and oscillatory activity on the side contralateral to stimulation. These may have important implications in understanding mechanisms underlying motor improvements with DBS, including changes on both contralateral and ipsilateral sides, while suggesting a possible role for contralateral sensing during unilateral DBS.
2023
7-nov-2022
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1094715922013654
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3039260
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