Implanting deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes in patients with Parkinson's disease often results in the appearance of a non-infectious, delayed-onset edema that disappears over time. However, the time window between the DBS electrode and DBS stimulating device implant is often used to record local field potentials (LFPs) which are used both to better understand basal ganglia pathophysiology and to improve DBS therapy. In this work, we investigated whether the presence of post-surgery edema correlates with the quality of LFP recordings in eight patients with advanced Parkinson's disease implanted with subthalamic DBS electrodes. The magnetic resonance scans of the brain after 8.5 +/- 1.5 days from the implantation surgery were segmented and the peri-electrode edema volume was calculated for both brain hemispheres. We found a correlation (rho = -0.81, p < 0.0218, Spearman's correlation coefficient) between left side local field potentials of the low beta band (11-20 Hz) and the edema volume of the same side. No other significant differences between the hemispheres were found. Despite the limited sample size, our results suggest that the effect on LFPs may be related to the edema localization, thus indicating a mechanism involving brain networks instead of a simple change in the electrode-tissue interface.

Peri-lead edema and local field potential correlation in post-surgery subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation patients

Prenassi, Marco
;
Pastore, Stefano;Marceglia, Sara
2022-01-01

Abstract

Implanting deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes in patients with Parkinson's disease often results in the appearance of a non-infectious, delayed-onset edema that disappears over time. However, the time window between the DBS electrode and DBS stimulating device implant is often used to record local field potentials (LFPs) which are used both to better understand basal ganglia pathophysiology and to improve DBS therapy. In this work, we investigated whether the presence of post-surgery edema correlates with the quality of LFP recordings in eight patients with advanced Parkinson's disease implanted with subthalamic DBS electrodes. The magnetic resonance scans of the brain after 8.5 +/- 1.5 days from the implantation surgery were segmented and the peri-electrode edema volume was calculated for both brain hemispheres. We found a correlation (rho = -0.81, p < 0.0218, Spearman's correlation coefficient) between left side local field potentials of the low beta band (11-20 Hz) and the edema volume of the same side. No other significant differences between the hemispheres were found. Despite the limited sample size, our results suggest that the effect on LFPs may be related to the edema localization, thus indicating a mechanism involving brain networks instead of a simple change in the electrode-tissue interface.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3039318
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