Objective: Parotid swelling (PSW) is a major predictor of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). However, since detailed information on the time of onset and duration of PSW is scarce, this was investigated to verify whether it may lead to further improved prediction. NHL localisation was concomitantly studied to evaluate the role of the parotid gland microenvironment in pSS-related lymphomagenesis. Methods: A multicentre study was conducted among patients with pSS who developed B cell NHL during follow-up and matched controls that did not develop NHL. The study focused on the history of salivary gland and lachrymal gland swelling, evaluated in detail at different times and for different durations, and on the localisation of NHL at onset. Results: PSW was significantly more frequent among the cases: at the time of first referred pSS symptoms before diagnosis, at diagnosis, and from pSS diagnosis to NHL. The duration of PSW was evaluated starting from pSS diagnosis, and the NHL risk increased from PSW of 2-12 months to > 12 months. NHL was prevalently localised in the parotid glands of the cases. Conclusion: A more precise clinical recording of PSW can improve lymphoma prediction in pSS. PSW as a very early symptom is a predictor, and a longer duration of PSW is associated with a higher risk of NHL. Since lymphoma usually localises in the parotid glands, and not in the other salivary or lachrymal glands, the parotid microenvironment appears to be involved in the whole history of pSS and related lymphomagenesis.

Predicting lymphoma in Sjögren's syndrome and the pathogenetic role of parotid microenvironment through precise parotid swelling recording

Isola, Miriam;Ferro, Francesco;Manfrè, Valeria;Zaja, Francesco;Fanin, Renato;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Parotid swelling (PSW) is a major predictor of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). However, since detailed information on the time of onset and duration of PSW is scarce, this was investigated to verify whether it may lead to further improved prediction. NHL localisation was concomitantly studied to evaluate the role of the parotid gland microenvironment in pSS-related lymphomagenesis. Methods: A multicentre study was conducted among patients with pSS who developed B cell NHL during follow-up and matched controls that did not develop NHL. The study focused on the history of salivary gland and lachrymal gland swelling, evaluated in detail at different times and for different durations, and on the localisation of NHL at onset. Results: PSW was significantly more frequent among the cases: at the time of first referred pSS symptoms before diagnosis, at diagnosis, and from pSS diagnosis to NHL. The duration of PSW was evaluated starting from pSS diagnosis, and the NHL risk increased from PSW of 2-12 months to > 12 months. NHL was prevalently localised in the parotid glands of the cases. Conclusion: A more precise clinical recording of PSW can improve lymphoma prediction in pSS. PSW as a very early symptom is a predictor, and a longer duration of PSW is associated with a higher risk of NHL. Since lymphoma usually localises in the parotid glands, and not in the other salivary or lachrymal glands, the parotid microenvironment appears to be involved in the whole history of pSS and related lymphomagenesis.
2023
5-set-2022
Pubblicato
https://academic.oup.com/rheumatology/article/62/4/1586/6692297
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3039746
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