Background and Objectives: Uterine fibroids still represent the most common indication for hysterectomy for benign pathologies. In the United States, more than 479,000 hysterectomies are performed annually, 46.6% for myomas and 47.7% in women aged from 18 to 44 years. By applying appropriateness criteria to this procedure, it has been estimated that overuse ranges from 16 to 70%. One of the main reasons that induce patients and gynecologists to consider hysterectomy is represented by severe anemia. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 202 patients with uterine fibroids diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound who underwent a hysteroscopic procedure. Myoma grade, size, location, and number were assessed by transvaginal scan and office hysteroscopy and correlated to the pre-treatment hemoglobin level. Results: Univariate analysis showed that anemia does not have a statistically significant association with myoma number and with age considered as a numerical predictor. In the patients with myoma type 0, there is a possibility of 81% having anemia regardless of menorrhagia. On the contrary, in patients with myoma type 1 or type 2, the possibility of having anemia varies according to the presence or absence of menorrhagia. If there is menorrhagia, the risk of moderate anemia is only present for myomas >60 mm. Conclusions: The results of this study may contribute to defining objective criteria for the management of submucous myomas and anemia. Our data suggest that submucosal myomas type 0 >10 mm should always be treated, putting patients at risk for anemia. Myomas type 2 and 3 should be treated for the risk of anemia in the presence of menorrhagia episodes or if > of 60 mm. Adequate management of anemia and myomas could reduce the rate of unnecessary hysterectomies.

Characteristics of Submucous Myomas and the Risk of Anemia

Ricci G.;Romano F.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Uterine fibroids still represent the most common indication for hysterectomy for benign pathologies. In the United States, more than 479,000 hysterectomies are performed annually, 46.6% for myomas and 47.7% in women aged from 18 to 44 years. By applying appropriateness criteria to this procedure, it has been estimated that overuse ranges from 16 to 70%. One of the main reasons that induce patients and gynecologists to consider hysterectomy is represented by severe anemia. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 202 patients with uterine fibroids diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound who underwent a hysteroscopic procedure. Myoma grade, size, location, and number were assessed by transvaginal scan and office hysteroscopy and correlated to the pre-treatment hemoglobin level. Results: Univariate analysis showed that anemia does not have a statistically significant association with myoma number and with age considered as a numerical predictor. In the patients with myoma type 0, there is a possibility of 81% having anemia regardless of menorrhagia. On the contrary, in patients with myoma type 1 or type 2, the possibility of having anemia varies according to the presence or absence of menorrhagia. If there is menorrhagia, the risk of moderate anemia is only present for myomas >60 mm. Conclusions: The results of this study may contribute to defining objective criteria for the management of submucous myomas and anemia. Our data suggest that submucosal myomas type 0 >10 mm should always be treated, putting patients at risk for anemia. Myomas type 2 and 3 should be treated for the risk of anemia in the presence of menorrhagia episodes or if > of 60 mm. Adequate management of anemia and myomas could reduce the rate of unnecessary hysterectomies.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Characteristics of Submucous Myomas and the Risk of Anemia - Medicina 2022.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: ARTICOLO PRINCIPALE
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 600.87 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
600.87 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3040009
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact