Anastomotic leakage (AL) represents one of the most relevant complications of colorectal cancer surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging in the prevention of AL during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed 272 patients who underwent rectal and left colon surgery, consecutively enrolled between 2015 and 2019. Due to the heterogeneity of our groups, a propensity score matching (PSM) was performed with a 1:1 PSM cohort. Results. AL occurred in 36 (13.2%) patients. One hundred seventy-seven (65%) of them underwent an intraoperatory ICG test (ICG-group), whereas 95 patients (35%) did not receive the intraoperatory ICG test (no-ICG group). AL occurred in 10.8% of ICG group patients and in 17.8% of no-ICG group patients (P = 0.07). The ICG group registered significantly less type B and type C fistulas than the no-ICG group (57.9 vs 88.2%; P = .043). After PSM, the overall AL rate was less in the ICG group than the no-ICG group (9.3% vs 16%; P = 0.058), while type B and type C fistulas occurred in 5.48% in the ICG group vs 13.70% in the no-ICG group (P = 0.09). Univariate analysis demonstrated a protective effect of intraoperative ICG imaging against AL occurrence (odds ratio (OR: 0.66)). Conclusions. Hypoperfusion is a well-recognized cause of AL. The ICG assessment of colic vascularization is a simple, inexpensive, and side effects free method, which can sensibly reduce both overall AL and type B and type C fistulas when routinely used.

Anastomosis Leak: Is There Still a Place for Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging in Colon-Rectal Surgery? A Retrospective, Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study

Losurdo, Pasquale
;
Mis, Tommaso Cipolat;Cosola, Davide;Bonadio, Laura;Giudici, Fabiola;Casagranda, Biagio;Bortul, Marina
Validation
;
de Manzini, Nicolo'
2022-01-01

Abstract

Anastomotic leakage (AL) represents one of the most relevant complications of colorectal cancer surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging in the prevention of AL during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed 272 patients who underwent rectal and left colon surgery, consecutively enrolled between 2015 and 2019. Due to the heterogeneity of our groups, a propensity score matching (PSM) was performed with a 1:1 PSM cohort. Results. AL occurred in 36 (13.2%) patients. One hundred seventy-seven (65%) of them underwent an intraoperatory ICG test (ICG-group), whereas 95 patients (35%) did not receive the intraoperatory ICG test (no-ICG group). AL occurred in 10.8% of ICG group patients and in 17.8% of no-ICG group patients (P = 0.07). The ICG group registered significantly less type B and type C fistulas than the no-ICG group (57.9 vs 88.2%; P = .043). After PSM, the overall AL rate was less in the ICG group than the no-ICG group (9.3% vs 16%; P = 0.058), while type B and type C fistulas occurred in 5.48% in the ICG group vs 13.70% in the no-ICG group (P = 0.09). Univariate analysis demonstrated a protective effect of intraoperative ICG imaging against AL occurrence (odds ratio (OR: 0.66)). Conclusions. Hypoperfusion is a well-recognized cause of AL. The ICG assessment of colic vascularization is a simple, inexpensive, and side effects free method, which can sensibly reduce both overall AL and type B and type C fistulas when routinely used.
2022
25-nov-2020
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https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/epub/10.1177/1553350620975258
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3040420
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