Persistent epidemic can lead to the emergence of new virus strains due to virus mutations. This work is devoted to the SIR model with strain-dependence of infected individuals due to virus mutations and a continuous strain variable. Characterization of epidemic progression is obtained for a strain-dependent infectivity function in numerical simulations and with some analytical estimates. Taking into account limited infection-induced immunity, transition from recovered to susceptible compartment is considered. Different scenarios of epidemic progression are identified. In the case of a monotonically growing transmission rate as a function of strain, only one epidemic outbreak is observed. However, if the transmission rate is a non-monotonic function, then multiple outbreaks can occur.

Epidemic model with strain-dependent transmission rate

d'Onofrio A.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Persistent epidemic can lead to the emergence of new virus strains due to virus mutations. This work is devoted to the SIR model with strain-dependence of infected individuals due to virus mutations and a continuous strain variable. Characterization of epidemic progression is obtained for a strain-dependent infectivity function in numerical simulations and with some analytical estimates. Taking into account limited infection-induced immunity, transition from recovered to susceptible compartment is considered. Different scenarios of epidemic progression are identified. In the case of a monotonically growing transmission rate as a function of strain, only one epidemic outbreak is observed. However, if the transmission rate is a non-monotonic function, then multiple outbreaks can occur.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3040700
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