Despite advances in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) prophylaxis, current pharmacological approaches fail to prevent aGVHD. The protective effect of defibrotide on GVHD incidence and GVHD-free survival has not been sufficiently studied. 91 pediatric patients included in this retrospective study were divided into two groups based on defibrotide use. We compared the incidence of aGVHD and chronic GVHD-free survival between the defibrotide and control groups. The incidence and severity of aGVHD were significantly lower in patients who received defibrotide prophylactic administration than in the control group. This improvement was observed in the liver and intestinal aGVHD. No defibrotide prophylaxis benefit was observed in the prevention of chronic GVHD. The pro-inflammatory cytokine levels were significantly higher in the control group. Our findings suggest that prophylactic administration of defibrotide in pediatric patients significantly reduces the incidence and severity of aGVHD, with a modification of cytokine pattern, both strongly coherent with the protective drug's action. This evidence adds to pediatric retrospective studies and preclinical data suggesting a possible defibrotide role in this setting.

Defibrotide impact on the acute GVHD disease incidence in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

Squillaci, Domenica;Marcuzzi, Annalisa;Rimondi, Erika;Riccio, Guglielmo;Barbi, Egidio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Despite advances in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) prophylaxis, current pharmacological approaches fail to prevent aGVHD. The protective effect of defibrotide on GVHD incidence and GVHD-free survival has not been sufficiently studied. 91 pediatric patients included in this retrospective study were divided into two groups based on defibrotide use. We compared the incidence of aGVHD and chronic GVHD-free survival between the defibrotide and control groups. The incidence and severity of aGVHD were significantly lower in patients who received defibrotide prophylactic administration than in the control group. This improvement was observed in the liver and intestinal aGVHD. No defibrotide prophylaxis benefit was observed in the prevention of chronic GVHD. The pro-inflammatory cytokine levels were significantly higher in the control group. Our findings suggest that prophylactic administration of defibrotide in pediatric patients significantly reduces the incidence and severity of aGVHD, with a modification of cytokine pattern, both strongly coherent with the protective drug's action. This evidence adds to pediatric retrospective studies and preclinical data suggesting a possible defibrotide role in this setting.
2023
Pubblicato
https://www.life-science-alliance.org/content/6/5/e202201786
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9990457/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3041265
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