Background: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is a decision-making tool for optimizing the use of certain therapies. In this article, the authors review the role of proactive TDM of biological agents in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID). They also discuss the future of TDM as a component of personalized medicine from the clinical laboratory perspective. Methods: This narrative review originated from proceedings of the fifth biannual Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring seminar and was supplemented by additional literature identified at various stages of critical review. Results: Proactive TDM aims to achieve adequate concentrations of biological drugs, such that patients attain and maintain an optimal treatment response. Proactive TDM may also have a role in de-escalating anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in patients in clinical remission and in optimizing infliximab monotherapy as an alternative to combination therapy with an immunomodulator. A major proactive TDM application is in pediatric patients with IBD. Achieving mucosal healing in children with IBD requires that infliximab or adalimumab concentrations are monitored early during induction therapy, with dose modifications guided by the timing (week) of measurement. Recent innovations in biological therapy include international standards for infliximab and adalimumab for the global harmonization of bioactivity and monotest devices with an accuracy equivalent to that of conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and quicker turnaround times. Conclusions: Despite several knowledge gaps regarding proactive TDM of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in patients with IMID, growing evidence suggests that it is associated with better outcomes than empiric optimization and/or reactive TDM in IBD. Enhanced pharmacokinetic modeling to predict drug exposure and patient genotyping for the precise application of proactive TDM are considered key elements to optimize biological therapy in the future.

Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Optimizing Biological Treatments in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Other Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases

Stocco, Gabriele;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is a decision-making tool for optimizing the use of certain therapies. In this article, the authors review the role of proactive TDM of biological agents in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID). They also discuss the future of TDM as a component of personalized medicine from the clinical laboratory perspective. Methods: This narrative review originated from proceedings of the fifth biannual Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring seminar and was supplemented by additional literature identified at various stages of critical review. Results: Proactive TDM aims to achieve adequate concentrations of biological drugs, such that patients attain and maintain an optimal treatment response. Proactive TDM may also have a role in de-escalating anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in patients in clinical remission and in optimizing infliximab monotherapy as an alternative to combination therapy with an immunomodulator. A major proactive TDM application is in pediatric patients with IBD. Achieving mucosal healing in children with IBD requires that infliximab or adalimumab concentrations are monitored early during induction therapy, with dose modifications guided by the timing (week) of measurement. Recent innovations in biological therapy include international standards for infliximab and adalimumab for the global harmonization of bioactivity and monotest devices with an accuracy equivalent to that of conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and quicker turnaround times. Conclusions: Despite several knowledge gaps regarding proactive TDM of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in patients with IMID, growing evidence suggests that it is associated with better outcomes than empiric optimization and/or reactive TDM in IBD. Enhanced pharmacokinetic modeling to predict drug exposure and patient genotyping for the precise application of proactive TDM are considered key elements to optimize biological therapy in the future.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
challenges_in_therapeutic_drug_monitoring_.3.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 559.34 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
559.34 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3042799
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact