Actigraphy is a tool used to describe limb motor activity. Some actigraphic parameters, namely Motor Activity (MA) and Asymmetry Index (AR), correlate with stroke severity. However, a long-lasting actigraphic monitoring was never performed previously. We hypothesized that MA and AR can describe different clinical conditions during the evolution of the acute phase of stroke. We conducted a multicenter study and enrolled 69 stroke patients. NIHSS was assessed every hour and upper limbs’ motor activity was continuously recorded. We calculated MA and AR in the first hour after admission, after a significant clinical change (NIHSS ± 4) or at discharge. In a control group of 17 subjects, we calculated MA and AR normative values. We defined the best model to predict clinical status with multiple linear regression and identified actigraphic cut-off values to discriminate minor from major stroke (NIHSS ≥ 5) and NIHSS 5–9 from NIHSS ≥ 10. The AR cut-off value to discriminate between minor and major stroke (namely NIHSS ≥ 5) is 27% (sensitivity = 83%, specificity = 76% (AUC 0.86 p < 0.001), PPV = 89%, NPV = 42%). However, the combination of AR and MA of the non-paretic arm is the best model to predict NIHSS score (R2: 0.482, F: 54.13), discriminating minor from major stroke (sensitivity = 89%, specificity = 82%, PPV = 92%, NPV = 75%). The AR cut-off value of 53% identifies very severe stroke patients (NIHSS ≥ 10) (sensitivity = 82%, specificity = 74% (AUC 0.86 p < 0.001), PPV = 73%, NPV = 82%). Actigraphic parameters can reliably describe the overall severity of stroke patients with motor symptoms, supporting the addition of a wearable actigraphic system to the multi-parametric monitoring in stroke units.

Actigraphic Sensors Describe Stroke Severity in the Acute Phase: Implementing Multi-Parametric Monitoring in Stroke Unit

Manganotti P.;Ajcevic M.;Moci M.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Actigraphy is a tool used to describe limb motor activity. Some actigraphic parameters, namely Motor Activity (MA) and Asymmetry Index (AR), correlate with stroke severity. However, a long-lasting actigraphic monitoring was never performed previously. We hypothesized that MA and AR can describe different clinical conditions during the evolution of the acute phase of stroke. We conducted a multicenter study and enrolled 69 stroke patients. NIHSS was assessed every hour and upper limbs’ motor activity was continuously recorded. We calculated MA and AR in the first hour after admission, after a significant clinical change (NIHSS ± 4) or at discharge. In a control group of 17 subjects, we calculated MA and AR normative values. We defined the best model to predict clinical status with multiple linear regression and identified actigraphic cut-off values to discriminate minor from major stroke (NIHSS ≥ 5) and NIHSS 5–9 from NIHSS ≥ 10. The AR cut-off value to discriminate between minor and major stroke (namely NIHSS ≥ 5) is 27% (sensitivity = 83%, specificity = 76% (AUC 0.86 p < 0.001), PPV = 89%, NPV = 42%). However, the combination of AR and MA of the non-paretic arm is the best model to predict NIHSS score (R2: 0.482, F: 54.13), discriminating minor from major stroke (sensitivity = 89%, specificity = 82%, PPV = 92%, NPV = 75%). The AR cut-off value of 53% identifies very severe stroke patients (NIHSS ≥ 10) (sensitivity = 82%, specificity = 74% (AUC 0.86 p < 0.001), PPV = 73%, NPV = 82%). Actigraphic parameters can reliably describe the overall severity of stroke patients with motor symptoms, supporting the addition of a wearable actigraphic system to the multi-parametric monitoring in stroke units.
2023
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/12/3/1178
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9918210/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3047580
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