The forthcoming saturation of Moore's law has led to a strong demand for integrating analogue functionalities within semiconductor-based devices. As a step toward this goal, we fabricate quaternary-responsive WSe2-based field-effect transistors (FETs) whose output current can be remotely and reversibly controlled by light, heat, and electric field. A photochromic silane-terminated spiropyran (SP) is chemisorbed on SiO2 forming a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) that can switch from the SP to the merocyanine (MC) form in response to UV illumination and switch back by either heat or visible illumination. Such a SAM is incorporated at the dielectric-semiconductor interface in WSe2-based FETs. Upon UV irradiation, a drastic decrease in the output current of 82% is observed and ascribed to the zwitterionic MC isomer acting as charge scattering site. To provide an additional functionality, the WSe2 top surface is coated with a ferroelectric co-polymer layer based on poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene). Because of its switchable inherent electrical polarization, it can promote either the accumulation or depletion of charge carriers in the WSe2 channel, thereby inducing a current modulation with 99% efficiency. Thanks to the efficient tuning induced by the two components and their synergistic effects, the device polarity could be modulated from n-type to p-type. Such a control over the carrier concentration and device polarity is key to develop 2D advanced electronics. Moreover, the integration strategy of multiple stimuli-responsive elements into a single FET allows us to greatly enrich its functionality, thereby promoting the development for More-than-Moore technology.

Asymmetric Dressing of WSe2 with (Macro)molecular Switches: Fabrication of Quaternary-Responsive Transistors

Galanti, Agostino;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The forthcoming saturation of Moore's law has led to a strong demand for integrating analogue functionalities within semiconductor-based devices. As a step toward this goal, we fabricate quaternary-responsive WSe2-based field-effect transistors (FETs) whose output current can be remotely and reversibly controlled by light, heat, and electric field. A photochromic silane-terminated spiropyran (SP) is chemisorbed on SiO2 forming a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) that can switch from the SP to the merocyanine (MC) form in response to UV illumination and switch back by either heat or visible illumination. Such a SAM is incorporated at the dielectric-semiconductor interface in WSe2-based FETs. Upon UV irradiation, a drastic decrease in the output current of 82% is observed and ascribed to the zwitterionic MC isomer acting as charge scattering site. To provide an additional functionality, the WSe2 top surface is coated with a ferroelectric co-polymer layer based on poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene). Because of its switchable inherent electrical polarization, it can promote either the accumulation or depletion of charge carriers in the WSe2 channel, thereby inducing a current modulation with 99% efficiency. Thanks to the efficient tuning induced by the two components and their synergistic effects, the device polarity could be modulated from n-type to p-type. Such a control over the carrier concentration and device polarity is key to develop 2D advanced electronics. Moreover, the integration strategy of multiple stimuli-responsive elements into a single FET allows us to greatly enrich its functionality, thereby promoting the development for More-than-Moore technology.
2021
Pubblicato
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
acsnano.1c03549.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 5.28 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.28 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
nn1c03549_si_001.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Descrizione: supporting material
Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 1.71 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.71 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
acsnano.1c03549-Post_print.pdf

Open Access dal 08/06/2022

Tipologia: Bozza finale post-referaggio (post-print)
Licenza: Digital Rights Management non definito
Dimensione 5.6 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.6 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3051564
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact