The progressive collapse of structures subjected to a truck collision with ground floor columns is numerically investigated in this paper. For this purpose, a four-story steel building with a dual system (including an intermediate steel moment frame, with a special concentric steel bracing system in the longitudinal (x) direction, and an intermediate steel moment frame in the transversal (y) direction) is considered. The structure, which was designed according to AISC, ASCE7 and 2800 Iranian seismic standard guidelines, is located in seismic-prone area and subjected to eight different truck collision scenarios. The nonlinear dynamic analyses carried out in ABAQUS on a three-dimensional finite element (FE) numerical model include variations in collision features (i.e., mass and speed of the truck, the height of collision point), and are used to support the analysis of expected damage. The presented results confirm that increasing the truck mass and speed increases damage entity for the column and structure. Several influencing parameters are involved in damage location and progressive evolution. The height of the collision point from the ground also significantly affects the magnitude of structural damage, especially in terms of stress peaks in the panel zones for the target column. Finally, the perimeter columns are more vulnerable to impact than corner columns, in structures with dual system as with the examined four-story building. The presence of a bracing system parallel to the impacting vehicle can in fact reduce the deformation—and thus the expected damage—of the adjacent target column. Most importantly, it is shown that the numerically reproduced collision scenarios (and the associated damage configurations) based on truck impact are significantly more severe than those artificially created based on the conventional column removal method (i.e., alternate path (AP) analysis approach), which confirms the importance of more sophisticated numerical calculation procedures to investigate and assess the progressive collapse of structures.

Nonlinear Dynamic Assessment of a Steel Frame Structure Subjected to Truck Collision

Bedon, Chiara
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023-01-01

Abstract

The progressive collapse of structures subjected to a truck collision with ground floor columns is numerically investigated in this paper. For this purpose, a four-story steel building with a dual system (including an intermediate steel moment frame, with a special concentric steel bracing system in the longitudinal (x) direction, and an intermediate steel moment frame in the transversal (y) direction) is considered. The structure, which was designed according to AISC, ASCE7 and 2800 Iranian seismic standard guidelines, is located in seismic-prone area and subjected to eight different truck collision scenarios. The nonlinear dynamic analyses carried out in ABAQUS on a three-dimensional finite element (FE) numerical model include variations in collision features (i.e., mass and speed of the truck, the height of collision point), and are used to support the analysis of expected damage. The presented results confirm that increasing the truck mass and speed increases damage entity for the column and structure. Several influencing parameters are involved in damage location and progressive evolution. The height of the collision point from the ground also significantly affects the magnitude of structural damage, especially in terms of stress peaks in the panel zones for the target column. Finally, the perimeter columns are more vulnerable to impact than corner columns, in structures with dual system as with the examined four-story building. The presence of a bracing system parallel to the impacting vehicle can in fact reduce the deformation—and thus the expected damage—of the adjacent target column. Most importantly, it is shown that the numerically reproduced collision scenarios (and the associated damage configurations) based on truck impact are significantly more severe than those artificially created based on the conventional column removal method (i.e., alternate path (AP) analysis approach), which confirms the importance of more sophisticated numerical calculation procedures to investigate and assess the progressive collapse of structures.
2023
giu-2023
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2075-5309/13/6/1545
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3051638
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