Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection into the olfactory clefts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with persistent olfactory dysfunction (OD). Study design: Controlled study. Setting: Multicenter study. Methods: From March 2022 to November 2022, COVID-19 patients with persistent OD were recruited from three European hospitals to undergo PRP injections into the olfactory clefts. Olfactory function was evaluated at baseline and 10 weeks postinjection with the Olfactory Disorder Questionnaire (ODQ) and threshold, discrimination, and identification (TDI) test. Data were compared with a control group of untreated patients. Results: Eighty-one patients who underwent PRP injection and 78 controls were included. Sixty-five PRP patients (80.3%) experienced subjective smell improvement after a mean duration of 3.4 ± 1.9 weeks. The parosmia, life quality statement, and ODQ sub- and total scores significantly decreased from pre- to 10-week postinjection in the PRP group. The TDI sub- and total scores significantly increased 10 weeks postinjection. In controls, the ODQ score did not change over time, while the discrimination, identification, and total TDI scores significantly increase after 10 weeks of follow-up. The 10-week TDI and ODQ scores were significantly better in the PRP group compared with the controls. Conclusion: Patients who underwent PRP injection reported better 10-week subjective and objective smell outcomes than controls. Future randomized-controlled studies using saline injection into the olfactory cleft of controls are needed to determine the superiority of PRP over placebo.

Effectiveness of Platelet-Rich Plasma for COVID-19-Related Olfactory Dysfunction: A Controlled Study

Boscolo-Rizzo, Paolo;Tirelli, Giancarlo;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection into the olfactory clefts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with persistent olfactory dysfunction (OD). Study design: Controlled study. Setting: Multicenter study. Methods: From March 2022 to November 2022, COVID-19 patients with persistent OD were recruited from three European hospitals to undergo PRP injections into the olfactory clefts. Olfactory function was evaluated at baseline and 10 weeks postinjection with the Olfactory Disorder Questionnaire (ODQ) and threshold, discrimination, and identification (TDI) test. Data were compared with a control group of untreated patients. Results: Eighty-one patients who underwent PRP injection and 78 controls were included. Sixty-five PRP patients (80.3%) experienced subjective smell improvement after a mean duration of 3.4 ± 1.9 weeks. The parosmia, life quality statement, and ODQ sub- and total scores significantly decreased from pre- to 10-week postinjection in the PRP group. The TDI sub- and total scores significantly increased 10 weeks postinjection. In controls, the ODQ score did not change over time, while the discrimination, identification, and total TDI scores significantly increase after 10 weeks of follow-up. The 10-week TDI and ODQ scores were significantly better in the PRP group compared with the controls. Conclusion: Patients who underwent PRP injection reported better 10-week subjective and objective smell outcomes than controls. Future randomized-controlled studies using saline injection into the olfactory cleft of controls are needed to determine the superiority of PRP over placebo.
2024
31-lug-2023
Pubblicato
https://aao-hnsfjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ohn.460
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3053458
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