Background: Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) have been employed successfully in immunotherapy and regenerative medicine, but their therapeutic potential is reduced considerably by the ischemic environment that exists after transplantation. The assumption that preconditioning MSC to promote quiescence may result in increased survival and regenerative potential upon transplantation is gaining popularity. Methods: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects of human bone marrow MSC (hBM-MSC) and their extracellular vesicles (EVs) grown and isolated in a serum-free medium, as compared to starved hBM-MSC (preconditioned) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic fractured male C57BL/6J mice. Results: Blood samples taken four hours and five days after injection revealed that cells, whether starved or not, generated similar plasma levels of inflammatory-related cytokines but lower levels than animals treated with EVs. Nonetheless, starved cells prompted the highest production of IL-17, IL-6, IL-13, eotaxin and keratinocyte-derived chemokines and induced an earlier soft callus formation and mineralization of the fracture site compared to EVs and regularly fed cells five days after administration. Conclusions: Preconditioning may be crucial for refining and defining new criteria for future MSC therapies. Additionally, the elucidation of mechanisms underpinning an MSC's survival/adaptive processes may result in increased cell survival and enhanced therapeutic efficacy following transplantation.

Regenerative and Anti-Inflammatory Potential of Regularly Fed, Starved Cells and Extracellular Vesicles In Vivo

Ferro, Federico
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) have been employed successfully in immunotherapy and regenerative medicine, but their therapeutic potential is reduced considerably by the ischemic environment that exists after transplantation. The assumption that preconditioning MSC to promote quiescence may result in increased survival and regenerative potential upon transplantation is gaining popularity. Methods: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects of human bone marrow MSC (hBM-MSC) and their extracellular vesicles (EVs) grown and isolated in a serum-free medium, as compared to starved hBM-MSC (preconditioned) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic fractured male C57BL/6J mice. Results: Blood samples taken four hours and five days after injection revealed that cells, whether starved or not, generated similar plasma levels of inflammatory-related cytokines but lower levels than animals treated with EVs. Nonetheless, starved cells prompted the highest production of IL-17, IL-6, IL-13, eotaxin and keratinocyte-derived chemokines and induced an earlier soft callus formation and mineralization of the fracture site compared to EVs and regularly fed cells five days after administration. Conclusions: Preconditioning may be crucial for refining and defining new criteria for future MSC therapies. Additionally, the elucidation of mechanisms underpinning an MSC's survival/adaptive processes may result in increased cell survival and enhanced therapeutic efficacy following transplantation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3054620
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