Background: Hereditary transthyretin(vATTR) cardiac amyloidosis has extremely different features according to the type of transthyretin(TTR) mutation. Data about electrocardiographic findings(ECG) in vATTR are limited and not informative of genotype correlation. Aim of this study is to analyze ECG characteristics and their correlation to clinical and echocardiographic aspects in patients with vATTR, focusing on different TTR mutations. Methods and results: This is a multicentric, retrospective, observational study performed in six Italian referral centres. We divided patients in two groups, according to the previously described phenotypic manifestations of the TTR mutation. Of 64 patients with vATTR, 23(36%) had prevalent cardiac(PC) TTR mutations and 41(64%) patients had a prevalent neurological(PN) TTR mutations. Patients with PC mutations were more frequently males and older, with advanced NAC staging. At baseline ECG, atrial fibrillation was more common in patients with PC, while pacemaker induced rhythm in PN mutations. PQ and QRS durations were longer and voltage to mass ratio was lower in PC mutations. Different TTR mutations tend to have distinctive ECG features. Conclusions: ECG in vATTR is extremely heterogeneous and the specific mutations are associated with distinct instrumental and clinical features. The differences between PN and PC vATTR are only partially explained by the different degree of cardiac infiltration.

Electrocardiographic heterogeneity of patients with variant transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy: Genotype-phenotype correlations

Porcari, Aldostefano;Merlo, Marco;Sinagra, Gianfranco;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Hereditary transthyretin(vATTR) cardiac amyloidosis has extremely different features according to the type of transthyretin(TTR) mutation. Data about electrocardiographic findings(ECG) in vATTR are limited and not informative of genotype correlation. Aim of this study is to analyze ECG characteristics and their correlation to clinical and echocardiographic aspects in patients with vATTR, focusing on different TTR mutations. Methods and results: This is a multicentric, retrospective, observational study performed in six Italian referral centres. We divided patients in two groups, according to the previously described phenotypic manifestations of the TTR mutation. Of 64 patients with vATTR, 23(36%) had prevalent cardiac(PC) TTR mutations and 41(64%) patients had a prevalent neurological(PN) TTR mutations. Patients with PC mutations were more frequently males and older, with advanced NAC staging. At baseline ECG, atrial fibrillation was more common in patients with PC, while pacemaker induced rhythm in PN mutations. PQ and QRS durations were longer and voltage to mass ratio was lower in PC mutations. Different TTR mutations tend to have distinctive ECG features. Conclusions: ECG in vATTR is extremely heterogeneous and the specific mutations are associated with distinct instrumental and clinical features. The differences between PN and PC vATTR are only partially explained by the different degree of cardiac infiltration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3057959
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