Two events share the stage as main drivers of the Cretaceous-Paleogene mass extinction—Deccan Traps volca- nism, and an asteroid impact recorded by the Chicxulub crater. We contribute to refining knowledge of the vol- canic stressor by providing sulfur and fluorine budgets of Deccan lavas from the Western Ghats (India), which straddle the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. Volcanic fluorine budgets were variable (400 to 3000 parts per million) and probably sufficient to affect the environment, albeit only regionally. The highest sulfur budgets (up to 1800 parts per million) are recorded in Deccan lavas emplaced just prior (within 0.1 million years) to the ex- tinction interval, whereas later basalts are generally sulfur-poor (up to 750 parts per million). Independent ev- idence suggests the Deccan flood basalts erupted in high-flux pulses. Our data suggest that volcanic sulfur degassing from such activity could have caused repeated short-lived global drops in temperature, stressing the ecosystems long before the bolide impact delivered its final blow at the end of the Cretaceous.

Recurring volcanic winters during the latest Cretaceous: Sulfur and fluorine budgets of Deccan Traps lavas

Angelo De Min;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Two events share the stage as main drivers of the Cretaceous-Paleogene mass extinction—Deccan Traps volca- nism, and an asteroid impact recorded by the Chicxulub crater. We contribute to refining knowledge of the vol- canic stressor by providing sulfur and fluorine budgets of Deccan lavas from the Western Ghats (India), which straddle the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. Volcanic fluorine budgets were variable (400 to 3000 parts per million) and probably sufficient to affect the environment, albeit only regionally. The highest sulfur budgets (up to 1800 parts per million) are recorded in Deccan lavas emplaced just prior (within 0.1 million years) to the ex- tinction interval, whereas later basalts are generally sulfur-poor (up to 750 parts per million). Independent ev- idence suggests the Deccan flood basalts erupted in high-flux pulses. Our data suggest that volcanic sulfur degassing from such activity could have caused repeated short-lived global drops in temperature, stressing the ecosystems long before the bolide impact delivered its final blow at the end of the Cretaceous.
2023
4-ott-2023
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https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.adg8284
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3060138
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