Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease that causes progressive lung disease with major impact on the quality of life. Lung ultrasound (LUS) allows to assess the lung involvement through the artefacts analysis and is increasingly used in children but is not yet used to monitor people with CF(pwCF). The main aim of this study was to describe the LUS pattern of pwCF during their routinary check-up visit. The secondary objective was to correlate the LUS findings with pulmonary function indices. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional observational study, enrolling adolescents and young adults with CF. Each patient underwent clinical assessment, measurement of SpO2, assessment of lung function by spirometry and LUS. Results: Twenty-nine subjects with CF were included. The most frequent alterations were consolidations (72.4%) located in the left apical anterior and right apical posterior regions followed by interstitial syndrome (65.5%). The 41.4% of cases presented the lingula involvement, characterized by a consolidation with static air bronchogram, and 55.2% showed pleural irregularity mainly in the posterior apical regions. A significant correlation was found between the LUS total score and spirometric indices: FEV1 (p = .003), FVC (p = .002), Tiffenau Index <80% (p = .014), and FEF 25-75 (p = .004). Conclusions: Our study describes LUS findings in pwCF. It also showed a correlation between LUS score and the patients' lung function measured by spirometric indices. We conclude that LUS may be useful in routine monitoring of pwCF in combination with clinical and spirometric assessment.

Lung ultrasound evaluation in people with cystic fibrosis: A new approach in the pulmonology outpatient clinic

Corona, Federica;Squillaci, Domenica;Saccari, Alessia;Barbi, Egidio;Maschio, Massimo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease that causes progressive lung disease with major impact on the quality of life. Lung ultrasound (LUS) allows to assess the lung involvement through the artefacts analysis and is increasingly used in children but is not yet used to monitor people with CF(pwCF). The main aim of this study was to describe the LUS pattern of pwCF during their routinary check-up visit. The secondary objective was to correlate the LUS findings with pulmonary function indices. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional observational study, enrolling adolescents and young adults with CF. Each patient underwent clinical assessment, measurement of SpO2, assessment of lung function by spirometry and LUS. Results: Twenty-nine subjects with CF were included. The most frequent alterations were consolidations (72.4%) located in the left apical anterior and right apical posterior regions followed by interstitial syndrome (65.5%). The 41.4% of cases presented the lingula involvement, characterized by a consolidation with static air bronchogram, and 55.2% showed pleural irregularity mainly in the posterior apical regions. A significant correlation was found between the LUS total score and spirometric indices: FEV1 (p = .003), FVC (p = .002), Tiffenau Index <80% (p = .014), and FEF 25-75 (p = .004). Conclusions: Our study describes LUS findings in pwCF. It also showed a correlation between LUS score and the patients' lung function measured by spirometric indices. We conclude that LUS may be useful in routine monitoring of pwCF in combination with clinical and spirometric assessment.
2024
28-nov-2023
Pubblicato
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ppul.26787
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3065759
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