A 16-year-old boy was evaluated for a history of exercise-induced fatigability associated with nausea even after minimal effort, lower limbs muscle hypotrophy, and swelling of the masseter muscles after chewing. Laboratory tests were remarkable for hyperlactatemia and metabolic acidosis after short physical activity. The muscle biopsy showed non-specific mitochondrial alterations and an increase in intrafibral lipids. Biochemical analysis showed reduced activity of the respiratory chain complexes. Mitochondrial DNA sequencing revealed the presence of a homoplasmic variant m.15992A>T in the MT-TP gene, coding for the mt-tRNAPro in the patient, in his mother and in his brother. Pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in MT-TP gene are rare. They are responsible for different clinical presentation, almost ever involving the muscle tissue. We report the first family with exercise-induced muscle weakness and swelling of the chewing muscles due to m.15992A>T variant in absence of J1c10 haplogroup, confirming its pathogenicity.

A new family with a case of severe early-onset muscle fatigue and a peculiar maternally inherited painful swelling in chewing muscles associated with homoplasmic m.15992A>T mutation in mitochondrial tRNAPro

Ghirigato, Elena;Terenzi, Francesca;Bobbo, Marco;Barbi, Egidio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

A 16-year-old boy was evaluated for a history of exercise-induced fatigability associated with nausea even after minimal effort, lower limbs muscle hypotrophy, and swelling of the masseter muscles after chewing. Laboratory tests were remarkable for hyperlactatemia and metabolic acidosis after short physical activity. The muscle biopsy showed non-specific mitochondrial alterations and an increase in intrafibral lipids. Biochemical analysis showed reduced activity of the respiratory chain complexes. Mitochondrial DNA sequencing revealed the presence of a homoplasmic variant m.15992A>T in the MT-TP gene, coding for the mt-tRNAPro in the patient, in his mother and in his brother. Pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in MT-TP gene are rare. They are responsible for different clinical presentation, almost ever involving the muscle tissue. We report the first family with exercise-induced muscle weakness and swelling of the chewing muscles due to m.15992A>T variant in absence of J1c10 haplogroup, confirming its pathogenicity.
2023
4-nov-2023
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960896623007745
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3066181
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