The Virus HIV-1 infection still represents a serious disease even if actually it is transformed in chronic pathology. Considering the crucial role of the enzyme Protease in life cycle of HIV many efforts have been made in the research of new organic compounds showing inhibitory activity. After development of several series of non peptidic inhibitors we report here the synthesis of novel simple HIV-Protease inhibitors containing heteroaryl carboxamides and their antiviral activity in vitro and in HEK293 cells. Benzofuryl- benzothienyl- and indolyl rings as well as aryl sulfonamides with different electronic properties have been introduced by efficient synthetic procedures. All compounds showed inhibitory activity similar to the commercial drug Darunavir, effective against both wild-type HIV-1 protease and that containing the V32I or V82A mutations. Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) properties were also evaluated in silico, showing the potential of such compounds to be developed as drugs.

Novel wild type and mutate HIV-1 protease inhibitors containing heteroaryl carboxamides in P2: Synthesis, biological evaluations and in silico ADME prediction

Berti F.
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The Virus HIV-1 infection still represents a serious disease even if actually it is transformed in chronic pathology. Considering the crucial role of the enzyme Protease in life cycle of HIV many efforts have been made in the research of new organic compounds showing inhibitory activity. After development of several series of non peptidic inhibitors we report here the synthesis of novel simple HIV-Protease inhibitors containing heteroaryl carboxamides and their antiviral activity in vitro and in HEK293 cells. Benzofuryl- benzothienyl- and indolyl rings as well as aryl sulfonamides with different electronic properties have been introduced by efficient synthetic procedures. All compounds showed inhibitory activity similar to the commercial drug Darunavir, effective against both wild-type HIV-1 protease and that containing the V32I or V82A mutations. Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) properties were also evaluated in silico, showing the potential of such compounds to be developed as drugs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3066682
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