Reappropration of derogatory group labels by minority members is a coping strategy against stigmatisation. The aim of this research is twofold. First, we intend to replicate Galinsky et al.'s findings (2013), suggesting that self-labelling (i.e., the self-referential use of a derogatory group label), compared to outgroup-labelling (i.e., the use of a derogatory group label by an outgroup member), enhances self-power and positively reframes the label. Second, we test whether ingroup-labelling (i.e., the use of a derogatory group label by an ingroup member towards another ingroup member), likewise self-labelling, is effective to reclaim derogatory group labels or, likewise outgroup-labelling, reenacts stigmatisation. Gay men were randomly assigned to one of three conditions, namely, self-labelling, ingroup-labelling, or outgroup-labelling, in Study 1 (N = 158) and randomly presented all condition in Study 2 (N = 99). Results showed that participants in the ingroup-labelling condition, similarly to those in the self- labelling condition, reported enhanced self-power and appraised the label as less negative in comparison to participants in the outgroup-labelling condition. Our results replicate the findings of Galinsky et al.'s (2013) on self-labelling, and they are the first to suggest that ingroup-labelling is also effective at counteracting stigmatising labels.

From self to ingroup reclaiming of homophobic epithets: A replication and extension of Galinsky et al.'s (2013) model of reappropriation

Mauro Bianchi
;
Andrea Carnaghi;Carlo Fantoni
2024-01-01

Abstract

Reappropration of derogatory group labels by minority members is a coping strategy against stigmatisation. The aim of this research is twofold. First, we intend to replicate Galinsky et al.'s findings (2013), suggesting that self-labelling (i.e., the self-referential use of a derogatory group label), compared to outgroup-labelling (i.e., the use of a derogatory group label by an outgroup member), enhances self-power and positively reframes the label. Second, we test whether ingroup-labelling (i.e., the use of a derogatory group label by an ingroup member towards another ingroup member), likewise self-labelling, is effective to reclaim derogatory group labels or, likewise outgroup-labelling, reenacts stigmatisation. Gay men were randomly assigned to one of three conditions, namely, self-labelling, ingroup-labelling, or outgroup-labelling, in Study 1 (N = 158) and randomly presented all condition in Study 2 (N = 99). Results showed that participants in the ingroup-labelling condition, similarly to those in the self- labelling condition, reported enhanced self-power and appraised the label as less negative in comparison to participants in the outgroup-labelling condition. Our results replicate the findings of Galinsky et al.'s (2013) on self-labelling, and they are the first to suggest that ingroup-labelling is also effective at counteracting stigmatising labels.
2024
20-dic-2023
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022103123001403
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Descrizione: Appendix A. Supplementary data at link:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022103123001403
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3066740
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