Sm3+ doped spinel cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with a generic formula CoSmxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.00, 0.06, 0.12 and 0.18) were prepared using wet chemical co-precipitation technique. The structural, optical, magnetic and dielectric characteristics of the samples were investigated carefully. The phase purity and growth of spinel cubic structure was verified by room temperature x-ray diffractograms. Mean crystallite size was observed within the range of 6 nm to 15 nm as calculated from Scherrer's formula. A blue shift in the indirect optical band gap was noticed with increasing Sm percentage as observed in UV-vis spectra due to the nanosize effect. Superparamagnetic nature at 300 K was detected for all Sm doped ferrite samples. Field cooled (150 kOe) M-H loops obtained at 5 K revealed a large amount of exchange bias field (≈4 kOe) together with high coercivity for the sample having smallest sized particles. Dielectric responses of all samples showed that the hopping of electrons was the fundamental charge conduction mechanism and grain boundaries play a crucial role in determining the dielectric properties.

Evidence of large exchange bias effect in single-phase spinel ferrite nanoparticles

Dagur D.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Sm3+ doped spinel cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with a generic formula CoSmxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.00, 0.06, 0.12 and 0.18) were prepared using wet chemical co-precipitation technique. The structural, optical, magnetic and dielectric characteristics of the samples were investigated carefully. The phase purity and growth of spinel cubic structure was verified by room temperature x-ray diffractograms. Mean crystallite size was observed within the range of 6 nm to 15 nm as calculated from Scherrer's formula. A blue shift in the indirect optical band gap was noticed with increasing Sm percentage as observed in UV-vis spectra due to the nanosize effect. Superparamagnetic nature at 300 K was detected for all Sm doped ferrite samples. Field cooled (150 kOe) M-H loops obtained at 5 K revealed a large amount of exchange bias field (≈4 kOe) together with high coercivity for the sample having smallest sized particles. Dielectric responses of all samples showed that the hopping of electrons was the fundamental charge conduction mechanism and grain boundaries play a crucial role in determining the dielectric properties.
2020
26-ago-2020
Pubblicato
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1402-4896/abaf90
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3067202
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