Background: Radiomorphometric indices measured on Dental Panoramic Radiography (DPR) can reflect Bone Mineral Density (BMD). The aim of our study is to evaluate changes in DPR radiographic markers in patients undergoing antiresorptive therapy with denosumab and correlate them to BMD and serum bone turnover markers (BTM). Methods: We evaluated two radiomorphometric indices: Mandibular Cortical Width (MCW) and Panoramic Mandibular Index (PMI), in patients undergoing antiresorptive therapy with denosumab at T0 (before starting the therapy) and at T1 (after 12 months), comparing results with a control group of healthy patients who performed two DPRs at a one-year time distance. Correlation analysis was performed in the denosumab group, as well as ROC curves were obtained for both indices. Results: The study included 18 patients and 21 controls according to specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, matched by gender and age. Both MCW and PMI were significantly lower at T0 in the denosumab group, consistently with lower BMD. MCW showed significant correlation with femoral and lumbar DEXA and was significantly lower in patients with osteoporosis compared to osteopenia. Only PMI index increased significantly in the denosumab group from T0 to T1. After one year (T1), there weren't any differences between patients and controls for both indices. No significant correlations were found with BTMs. Sensitivity and specificity for MCW and PMI were also calculated. Conclusions: Our results show how CMW shows sufficient sensitivity and specificity to be used as a radiographic marker to screen and intercept patients with osteoporosis. PMI seems to be able to reflect changes in response to antiresorptive therapy with denosumab. Further studies are needed to confirm our hypothesis.

Changes in mandibular radiomorphometric indices in osteoporosis patients treated with denosumab: a retrospective case-control study

Rupel, Katia
;
Dal Broi, Chiara;Ottaviani, Giulia;Bogdan Preda, Theodora Magdalena;Di Lenarda, Roberto;Biasotto, Matteo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Radiomorphometric indices measured on Dental Panoramic Radiography (DPR) can reflect Bone Mineral Density (BMD). The aim of our study is to evaluate changes in DPR radiographic markers in patients undergoing antiresorptive therapy with denosumab and correlate them to BMD and serum bone turnover markers (BTM). Methods: We evaluated two radiomorphometric indices: Mandibular Cortical Width (MCW) and Panoramic Mandibular Index (PMI), in patients undergoing antiresorptive therapy with denosumab at T0 (before starting the therapy) and at T1 (after 12 months), comparing results with a control group of healthy patients who performed two DPRs at a one-year time distance. Correlation analysis was performed in the denosumab group, as well as ROC curves were obtained for both indices. Results: The study included 18 patients and 21 controls according to specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, matched by gender and age. Both MCW and PMI were significantly lower at T0 in the denosumab group, consistently with lower BMD. MCW showed significant correlation with femoral and lumbar DEXA and was significantly lower in patients with osteoporosis compared to osteopenia. Only PMI index increased significantly in the denosumab group from T0 to T1. After one year (T1), there weren't any differences between patients and controls for both indices. No significant correlations were found with BTMs. Sensitivity and specificity for MCW and PMI were also calculated. Conclusions: Our results show how CMW shows sufficient sensitivity and specificity to be used as a radiographic marker to screen and intercept patients with osteoporosis. PMI seems to be able to reflect changes in response to antiresorptive therapy with denosumab. Further studies are needed to confirm our hypothesis.
2024
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https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-024-03870-1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3067424
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