Background: A minority of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) presents advanced heart failure (HF) during their clinical course, in the context of left ventricular (LV) remodeling with reduced LV ejection fraction (LVEF), or of severe diastolic dysfunction without impaired LVEF. Aim of this study was to describe a multicentric end stage (ES) HCM population and analyze clinical course and outcome among its different phenotypes. Methods: Data of all HCM patients from 7 Italian referral centres were retrospectively evaluated. ES was diagnosed in presence of: LVEF <50% (ES-rEF) or NYHA functional class ≥II with severe diastolic dysfunction (ES-pEF). Outcomes were: HCM-related and all-cause mortality; combined arrhythmic events; advanced HF treatments. Results: Study population included 331 ES patients; 87% presented ES-rEF and 13% ES-pEF. At ES recognition, patients with ES-pEF were more commonly females, had more frequently NYHA III/IV, atrial fibrillation and greater maximal LV wall thickness. Over a median follow-up of 5.6 years, 83 (25%) patients died, 46 (15%) experienced arrhythmic events and (26%) 85 received advanced HF treatments. Incidence of HCM-related and all-cause mortality, and of combined arrhythmic events did not differ in ES-pEF and ES-rEF patients, but ES-pEF patients were less likely to receive advanced HF treatments. Older age at ES recognition was an independent predictor of increased HCM-related mortality (p = 0.01) and reduced access to advanced HF treatments (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Two different HCM-ES phenotypes can be recognized, with ES-pEF showing distinctive features at ES recognition and receiving less frequently advanced HF treatments. Older age at ES recognition has a major impact on outcomes.

Clinical characteristics and outcome of end stage hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Role of age and heart failure phenotypes

Merlo, Marco;Ammirati, Enrico;Grilli, Giulia;Sinagra, Gianfranco;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: A minority of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) presents advanced heart failure (HF) during their clinical course, in the context of left ventricular (LV) remodeling with reduced LV ejection fraction (LVEF), or of severe diastolic dysfunction without impaired LVEF. Aim of this study was to describe a multicentric end stage (ES) HCM population and analyze clinical course and outcome among its different phenotypes. Methods: Data of all HCM patients from 7 Italian referral centres were retrospectively evaluated. ES was diagnosed in presence of: LVEF <50% (ES-rEF) or NYHA functional class ≥II with severe diastolic dysfunction (ES-pEF). Outcomes were: HCM-related and all-cause mortality; combined arrhythmic events; advanced HF treatments. Results: Study population included 331 ES patients; 87% presented ES-rEF and 13% ES-pEF. At ES recognition, patients with ES-pEF were more commonly females, had more frequently NYHA III/IV, atrial fibrillation and greater maximal LV wall thickness. Over a median follow-up of 5.6 years, 83 (25%) patients died, 46 (15%) experienced arrhythmic events and (26%) 85 received advanced HF treatments. Incidence of HCM-related and all-cause mortality, and of combined arrhythmic events did not differ in ES-pEF and ES-rEF patients, but ES-pEF patients were less likely to receive advanced HF treatments. Older age at ES recognition was an independent predictor of increased HCM-related mortality (p = 0.01) and reduced access to advanced HF treatments (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Two different HCM-ES phenotypes can be recognized, with ES-pEF showing distinctive features at ES recognition and receiving less frequently advanced HF treatments. Older age at ES recognition has a major impact on outcomes.
2024
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167527324001141
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3068039
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