Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae (FOC), as basal rot fungus, is the most detrimental pathogen causing a serious threat to onion productivity in the world. In this study, we first determined FOC tolerance in seven Iranian onion cultivars, two known international onions (Texas Early Grano and Sweet Yellow Spanish), and an Allium species related to the onion (Allium asarence) based on the infection severity. Then, a transcriptional screen was performed by comparing the transcript levels of some pathogen-responsive genes (ERF1, COI1, and TIR1) and their predicted miRNAs in the sensitive (Ghermeze Azarshahr Cv.) and the resistant (A. asarence) onions to determine key genes and their miRNAs involved in the defense responses of onions to FOC. From our results, a difference was found in the COI1 and ERF1 expression 48 h after inoculation with FOC as compared to the respective 24 and 72 h. It can be explained by either special mechanisms involved in raising energy consumption efficiency or the interactive effects of other genes in the jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene (ET) signaling pathways. Moreover, expression analysis of the pathogen-responsive genes and their targeting miRNAs identified the miR-5629, which targets the COI1 gene as a likely key factor in conferring resistance in the FOC-resistant onion, i.e., A. asarence. However, exploring the function of the miRNA/target pair is highly recommended to deeply understand the effect of the miRNA/target pair-associated pathway in the control of A. asarense-FOC interaction.

Changes in the expression of COI1, TIR1, and ERF1 genes and respective MiRNAs in Fusarium basal Rot-Stressed onion

Buratti, Emanuele
Formal Analysis
;
Romano, Maurizio
Supervision
2024-01-01

Abstract

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae (FOC), as basal rot fungus, is the most detrimental pathogen causing a serious threat to onion productivity in the world. In this study, we first determined FOC tolerance in seven Iranian onion cultivars, two known international onions (Texas Early Grano and Sweet Yellow Spanish), and an Allium species related to the onion (Allium asarence) based on the infection severity. Then, a transcriptional screen was performed by comparing the transcript levels of some pathogen-responsive genes (ERF1, COI1, and TIR1) and their predicted miRNAs in the sensitive (Ghermeze Azarshahr Cv.) and the resistant (A. asarence) onions to determine key genes and their miRNAs involved in the defense responses of onions to FOC. From our results, a difference was found in the COI1 and ERF1 expression 48 h after inoculation with FOC as compared to the respective 24 and 72 h. It can be explained by either special mechanisms involved in raising energy consumption efficiency or the interactive effects of other genes in the jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene (ET) signaling pathways. Moreover, expression analysis of the pathogen-responsive genes and their targeting miRNAs identified the miR-5629, which targets the COI1 gene as a likely key factor in conferring resistance in the FOC-resistant onion, i.e., A. asarence. However, exploring the function of the miRNA/target pair is highly recommended to deeply understand the effect of the miRNA/target pair-associated pathway in the control of A. asarense-FOC interaction.
2024
26-gen-2024
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378111924000933?dgcid=coauthor
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3068599
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