Aims: Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) is an infiltrative cardiomyopathy that commonly presents with concomitant chronic kidney disease. Albuminuria is common in heart failure and associated with worse outcomes, but its prevalence and relationship to outcome in ATTR-CA remains unclear.Methods and results: A total of 1181 patients with ATTR-CA were studied (mean age 78.1 +/- 7.9 years; 1022 [86.5%] male; median estimated glomerular filtration rate 59 ml/min/1.73m(2) [interquartile range: 47-74]). Albuminuria was present in 563 (47.7%) patients (499 [88.6%] with microalbuminuria and 64 [11.4%] with macroalbuminuria). Patients with albuminuria had a more severe cardiac phenotype evidenced by higher serum cardiac biomarkers (median N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]: 4027 ng/L [2173-6889] vs. 1851 ng/L [997-3209], p < 0.001; median troponin T: 69 ng/L [46-101] vs. 48 ng/L [34-68], p < 0.001) and worse echocardiographic indices of systolic (longitudinal strain: -10.0 +/- 3.6% vs. -11.6 +/- 3.8%, p < 0.001) and diastolic function (E/e': 17.5 +/- 6.4 vs. 16.4 +/- 6.7, p < 0.001) than those with a normal urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR). Microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were independently associated with mortality in the overall population (hazard ratio [HR] 1.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13-1.92, p = 0.005 and HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.15-3.05, p = 0.012, respectively). In a subgroup of patients (n = 349) without concomitant hypertension, diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease, albuminuria was also associated with mortality (HR 2.98, 95% CI 1.72-5.17, p < 0.001). At 12 months, 330 patients had a repeat UACR measurement; those in whom UACR increased by 30% or more (n = 148, 44.8%) had an increased risk of mortality (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.06-3.19, p = 0.030).Conclusions: Albuminuria is common in patients with ATTR-CA, and more prevalent in those with a more severe cardiac phenotype. Albuminuria at diagnosis and a significant increase in UACR during follow-up are associated with mortality.

Albuminuria in transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis: Prevalence, progression and prognostic importance

Porcari, Aldostefano;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Aims: Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) is an infiltrative cardiomyopathy that commonly presents with concomitant chronic kidney disease. Albuminuria is common in heart failure and associated with worse outcomes, but its prevalence and relationship to outcome in ATTR-CA remains unclear.Methods and results: A total of 1181 patients with ATTR-CA were studied (mean age 78.1 +/- 7.9 years; 1022 [86.5%] male; median estimated glomerular filtration rate 59 ml/min/1.73m(2) [interquartile range: 47-74]). Albuminuria was present in 563 (47.7%) patients (499 [88.6%] with microalbuminuria and 64 [11.4%] with macroalbuminuria). Patients with albuminuria had a more severe cardiac phenotype evidenced by higher serum cardiac biomarkers (median N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]: 4027 ng/L [2173-6889] vs. 1851 ng/L [997-3209], p < 0.001; median troponin T: 69 ng/L [46-101] vs. 48 ng/L [34-68], p < 0.001) and worse echocardiographic indices of systolic (longitudinal strain: -10.0 +/- 3.6% vs. -11.6 +/- 3.8%, p < 0.001) and diastolic function (E/e': 17.5 +/- 6.4 vs. 16.4 +/- 6.7, p < 0.001) than those with a normal urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR). Microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were independently associated with mortality in the overall population (hazard ratio [HR] 1.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13-1.92, p = 0.005 and HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.15-3.05, p = 0.012, respectively). In a subgroup of patients (n = 349) without concomitant hypertension, diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease, albuminuria was also associated with mortality (HR 2.98, 95% CI 1.72-5.17, p < 0.001). At 12 months, 330 patients had a repeat UACR measurement; those in whom UACR increased by 30% or more (n = 148, 44.8%) had an increased risk of mortality (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.06-3.19, p = 0.030).Conclusions: Albuminuria is common in patients with ATTR-CA, and more prevalent in those with a more severe cardiac phenotype. Albuminuria at diagnosis and a significant increase in UACR during follow-up are associated with mortality.
2024
18-dic-2023
Pubblicato
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejhf.3094
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3069195
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