In designing and sizing of borehole thermal energy system, natural groundwater movement and temperature driven flow have a great importance on the borehole heat exchanger efficiency. The efficiency of double U – tube arrangement in gravel – backfilled borehole installed in a fractured limestone aquifer has been analyzed by means of three – dimensional numerical simulations. The numerical model is representative of 1 m deep of gravel back – filled borehole surrounded by the fractured aquifer. Several simulations have been carried out in order to evaluate the effect of aquifer parameters and boundary conditions on heat exchange efficiency by varying the mean temperature within the double U - tube. The fractured limestone aquifer of the industrial area of Bari (Italy) has been chosen as field site in order to identify the aquifer parameter range and the respective combinations. The results highlight that borehole thermal energy system efficiency is strictly dependent on aquifer transmissivity and groundwater Darcian velocity. The conducted analysis shows that, under lower Darcian groundwater flow and lower aquifer transmissivity, heat transfer efficiency increases at least by 25% compared to stagnant water, whereas heat transfer in the aquifer is governed by heat conduction. The increase of aquifer transmissivity induces the thermosiphon effect enhancing heat transfer processes both in the gravel back-filled borehole and aquifer. At higher values of groundwater Darcian velocity (> 0.1 m/d) advection due to groundwater flow is not negligible and mixed with free convection enhancing heat transfer further. Based on the results, discussion on the performance and environmental constraint of gravel back – filled borehole at field site has been presented.

Analysis of gravel back-filled borehole heat exchanger in karst fractured limestone aquifer at local scale

Cherubini, Claudia
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

In designing and sizing of borehole thermal energy system, natural groundwater movement and temperature driven flow have a great importance on the borehole heat exchanger efficiency. The efficiency of double U – tube arrangement in gravel – backfilled borehole installed in a fractured limestone aquifer has been analyzed by means of three – dimensional numerical simulations. The numerical model is representative of 1 m deep of gravel back – filled borehole surrounded by the fractured aquifer. Several simulations have been carried out in order to evaluate the effect of aquifer parameters and boundary conditions on heat exchange efficiency by varying the mean temperature within the double U - tube. The fractured limestone aquifer of the industrial area of Bari (Italy) has been chosen as field site in order to identify the aquifer parameter range and the respective combinations. The results highlight that borehole thermal energy system efficiency is strictly dependent on aquifer transmissivity and groundwater Darcian velocity. The conducted analysis shows that, under lower Darcian groundwater flow and lower aquifer transmissivity, heat transfer efficiency increases at least by 25% compared to stagnant water, whereas heat transfer in the aquifer is governed by heat conduction. The increase of aquifer transmissivity induces the thermosiphon effect enhancing heat transfer processes both in the gravel back-filled borehole and aquifer. At higher values of groundwater Darcian velocity (> 0.1 m/d) advection due to groundwater flow is not negligible and mixed with free convection enhancing heat transfer further. Based on the results, discussion on the performance and environmental constraint of gravel back – filled borehole at field site has been presented.
2021
2-nov-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3073690
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