Gravitational waves are expected to be produced from neutron star oscillations associated with magnetar giant flares and short bursts. We present the results of a search for short-duration (milliseconds to seconds) and long-duration (∼100 s) transient gravitational waves from 13 magnetar short bursts observed during Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo, and KAGRA's third observation run. These 13 bursts come from two magnetars, SGR 1935+2154 and Swift J1818.0−1607. We also include three other electromagnetic burst events detected by Fermi-GBM which were identified as likely coming from one or more magnetars, but they have no association with a known magnetar. No magnetar giant flares were detected during the analysis period. We find no evidence of gravitational waves associated with any of these 16 bursts. We place upper limits on the rss of the integrated incident gravitational-wave strain that reach 3.6 × 10^{−23}/\sqrt{Hz} at 100 Hz for the short-duration search and 1.1 × 10^{−22}/\sqrt{Hz} at 450 Hz for the long-duration search. For a ringdown signal at 1590 Hz targeted by the short-duration search the limit is set to 2.3 × 10^{−22}/\sqrt{Hz}. Using the estimated distance to each magnetar, we derive upper limits on the emitted gravitational-wave energy of 1.5 × 10^{44} erg (1.0 × 10^{44} erg) for SGR 1935+2154 and 9.4 × 10^{43} erg (1.3 × 10^{44} erg) for Swift J1818.0−1607, for the short-duration (long-duration) search. Assuming isotropic emission of electromagnetic radiation of the burst fluences, we constrain the ratio of gravitational-wave energy to electromagnetic energy for bursts from SGR 1935+2154 with the available fluence information. The lowest of these ratios is 4.5 × 10^3.

Search for Gravitational-wave Transients Associated with Magnetar Bursts in Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo Data from the Third Observing Run

Ansoldi, S.;Milotti, E.;Trovato, A.;Virtuoso, A.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Gravitational waves are expected to be produced from neutron star oscillations associated with magnetar giant flares and short bursts. We present the results of a search for short-duration (milliseconds to seconds) and long-duration (∼100 s) transient gravitational waves from 13 magnetar short bursts observed during Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo, and KAGRA's third observation run. These 13 bursts come from two magnetars, SGR 1935+2154 and Swift J1818.0−1607. We also include three other electromagnetic burst events detected by Fermi-GBM which were identified as likely coming from one or more magnetars, but they have no association with a known magnetar. No magnetar giant flares were detected during the analysis period. We find no evidence of gravitational waves associated with any of these 16 bursts. We place upper limits on the rss of the integrated incident gravitational-wave strain that reach 3.6 × 10^{−23}/\sqrt{Hz} at 100 Hz for the short-duration search and 1.1 × 10^{−22}/\sqrt{Hz} at 450 Hz for the long-duration search. For a ringdown signal at 1590 Hz targeted by the short-duration search the limit is set to 2.3 × 10^{−22}/\sqrt{Hz}. Using the estimated distance to each magnetar, we derive upper limits on the emitted gravitational-wave energy of 1.5 × 10^{44} erg (1.0 × 10^{44} erg) for SGR 1935+2154 and 9.4 × 10^{43} erg (1.3 × 10^{44} erg) for Swift J1818.0−1607, for the short-duration (long-duration) search. Assuming isotropic emission of electromagnetic radiation of the burst fluences, we constrain the ratio of gravitational-wave energy to electromagnetic energy for bursts from SGR 1935+2154 with the available fluence information. The lowest of these ratios is 4.5 × 10^3.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Abbott_2024_ApJ_966_137.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 4.96 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.96 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3075058
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact