We describe a novel localization of C7 as a membrane-bound molecule on endothelial cells (ECs). Data obtained by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Western blot analysis, Northern blot analysis, and mass spectrometry revealed that membrane-associated C7 (mC7) was indistinguishable from soluble C7 and was associated with vimentin on the cell surface. mC7 interacted with the other late complement components to form membrane-bound TCC (mTCC). Unlike the soluble SC5b-9, mTCC failed to stimulate ECs to express adhesion molecules, to secrete IL-8, and to induce albumin leakage through a monolayer of ECs, and more importantly protected ECs from the proinflammatory effect of SC5b-9. Our data disclose the possibility of a novel role of mC7 that acts as a trap for the late complement components to control excessive inflammation induced by SC5b-9.

C7 is expressed on endothelial cells as a trap for the assembling terminal complement complex and may exert anti-inflammatory function.

BOSSI, FLEUR;BULLA, ROBERTA;MACOR, PAOLO;TEDESCO, FRANCESCO
2009-01-01

Abstract

We describe a novel localization of C7 as a membrane-bound molecule on endothelial cells (ECs). Data obtained by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Western blot analysis, Northern blot analysis, and mass spectrometry revealed that membrane-associated C7 (mC7) was indistinguishable from soluble C7 and was associated with vimentin on the cell surface. mC7 interacted with the other late complement components to form membrane-bound TCC (mTCC). Unlike the soluble SC5b-9, mTCC failed to stimulate ECs to express adhesion molecules, to secrete IL-8, and to induce albumin leakage through a monolayer of ECs, and more importantly protected ECs from the proinflammatory effect of SC5b-9. Our data disclose the possibility of a novel role of mC7 that acts as a trap for the late complement components to control excessive inflammation induced by SC5b-9.
http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/content/113/15/3640.long
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2297219
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