The anthranilic acid diamides represent the most recent class of nonpeptide CCK1 receptor (CCK1-R) antagonists. Herein we describe the second phase of the anthranilic acid C-terminal optimization using non-proteinogenic aminoacids containing a phenyl ring in their side chain. The Homo-Phe derivative 2 (VL-0797) enhanced 12-fold the affinity for the rat CCK1-R affinity and 15-fold for the human CCK1-R relative to the reference compound 12 (VL-0395). The eutomer of 2 (Comp.6) exhibited a nanomolar range affinity towards the human CCK1-R and was at least 400-fold selective for the CCK1-R over the CCK2-R. Molecular docking in the modeled CCK1-R and its validation by site-directed mutagenesis experiments showed that 6 binding site overlaps that occupied by the C-terminal bioactive region of the natural agonist CCK. Owing to their interesting properties, new compounds provided by this study represent a solid basis for further advances aimed at synthesis of clinically valuable CCK1R antagonists.

New Anthranilic Acid Based Antagonists with High Affinity and Selectivity for the Human Cholecystokinin Receptor 1 (hCCK1-R)

PAVAN, MICHELA VIOLETTA;LASSIANI, LUCIA;BERTI, FEDERICO;STEFANCICH, GIORGIO;VARNAVAS, ANTONIOS
2011-01-01

Abstract

The anthranilic acid diamides represent the most recent class of nonpeptide CCK1 receptor (CCK1-R) antagonists. Herein we describe the second phase of the anthranilic acid C-terminal optimization using non-proteinogenic aminoacids containing a phenyl ring in their side chain. The Homo-Phe derivative 2 (VL-0797) enhanced 12-fold the affinity for the rat CCK1-R affinity and 15-fold for the human CCK1-R relative to the reference compound 12 (VL-0395). The eutomer of 2 (Comp.6) exhibited a nanomolar range affinity towards the human CCK1-R and was at least 400-fold selective for the CCK1-R over the CCK2-R. Molecular docking in the modeled CCK1-R and its validation by site-directed mutagenesis experiments showed that 6 binding site overlaps that occupied by the C-terminal bioactive region of the natural agonist CCK. Owing to their interesting properties, new compounds provided by this study represent a solid basis for further advances aimed at synthesis of clinically valuable CCK1R antagonists.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2404282
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