, (CD) is a T-cell-mediated chronic inflammatory disease characterized by autoimmune, immunological and environmental components, where genetic factors in addition to the main known risk factors (gliadin and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ haplotypes) are supposed to be involved. CD14 is a multifunctional receptor involved in the bacterial lipopolysaccharides-dependent signal transduction. The CD14 gene maps on the long arm of chromosome 5 (5q22-q32), a 'hotbed' region for CD; promoter polymorphisms are known to influence its expression. In this study we analyzed three CD14 promoter polymorphisms (c.-1359G>T, c.-1145A>G and c.-159C>T, ) in 938 CD Italian patients and 533 healthy controls, with known HLA-DQ haplotypes, with the aim of evaluating their possible association with the disease. The c.-1145A>G G and c.-159C>T T alleles (as well as the combination of the two alleles in the GT haplotype), were identified as susceptibility factors for CD development, being significantly more frequent in CD patients than in healthy controls. This association was also confirmed when the analysis was restricted to only those subjects characterized by HLA-DQ risk haplotypes. Our results indicate the involvement of CD14 gene polymorphisms in the susceptibility to CD.Genes and Immunity advance online publication, 31 May 2012; doi:10.1038/gene.2012.23.

CD14 polymorphisms correlate with an augmented risk for celiac disease in Italian patients.

CATAMO, EULALIA;SEGAT, LUDOVICA;CROVELLA, SERGIO
2012

Abstract

, (CD) is a T-cell-mediated chronic inflammatory disease characterized by autoimmune, immunological and environmental components, where genetic factors in addition to the main known risk factors (gliadin and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ haplotypes) are supposed to be involved. CD14 is a multifunctional receptor involved in the bacterial lipopolysaccharides-dependent signal transduction. The CD14 gene maps on the long arm of chromosome 5 (5q22-q32), a 'hotbed' region for CD; promoter polymorphisms are known to influence its expression. In this study we analyzed three CD14 promoter polymorphisms (c.-1359G>T, c.-1145A>G and c.-159C>T, ) in 938 CD Italian patients and 533 healthy controls, with known HLA-DQ haplotypes, with the aim of evaluating their possible association with the disease. The c.-1145A>G G and c.-159C>T T alleles (as well as the combination of the two alleles in the GT haplotype), were identified as susceptibility factors for CD development, being significantly more frequent in CD patients than in healthy controls. This association was also confirmed when the analysis was restricted to only those subjects characterized by HLA-DQ risk haplotypes. Our results indicate the involvement of CD14 gene polymorphisms in the susceptibility to CD.Genes and Immunity advance online publication, 31 May 2012; doi:10.1038/gene.2012.23.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2569427
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact