The proto-oncogene product Ron is the receptor for macrophage stimulating protein, a scatter factor that stimulates cell proliferation, prevents apoptosis, and induces an invasive cell phenotype. We investigated the expression of Ron, Ki-67 (proliferation index), p53. and bcl-2 (proapoptotic and antiapoptotic proteins, respectively) in 50 renal tumors (19 clear cell carcinomas. 18 oncocytomas, 7 papillary cell carcinomas, 5 chromophobe cell carcinomas, and I carcinoma with sarcomatoid areas). In addition, we studied Ron in normal kidney and in the renal carcinoma cell line Caki-1. Immunostaining and Western blot showed Ron in normal kidney and in all oncocytomas but never in renal cell carcinomas or in Caki-1. In addition, Western blot showed that Ron was expressed in phosphorylated. i.e., active. form. Bcl-2 was strongly expressed in oncocytomas, whereas Ki-67 and p53 were much less expressed in oncocytomas than in carcinomas. These results indicate in Ron a marker that differentiates oncocytoma from the other renal epithelial tumors. We therefore think that Ron may prove to be a new tool for a sound and precise diagnosis of oncocytoma, a benign tumor that cannot always be distinguished from carcinomas at histologic examination. The overexpression of bcl-2, but not p53 in oncocytoma, suggests that the MSP/Ron system sustains the growth of oncocytoma by opposing apoptosis.

The Ron proto-oncogene product is a phenotypic marker of renal oncocytoma

COLLESI, CHIARA;
2003

Abstract

The proto-oncogene product Ron is the receptor for macrophage stimulating protein, a scatter factor that stimulates cell proliferation, prevents apoptosis, and induces an invasive cell phenotype. We investigated the expression of Ron, Ki-67 (proliferation index), p53. and bcl-2 (proapoptotic and antiapoptotic proteins, respectively) in 50 renal tumors (19 clear cell carcinomas. 18 oncocytomas, 7 papillary cell carcinomas, 5 chromophobe cell carcinomas, and I carcinoma with sarcomatoid areas). In addition, we studied Ron in normal kidney and in the renal carcinoma cell line Caki-1. Immunostaining and Western blot showed Ron in normal kidney and in all oncocytomas but never in renal cell carcinomas or in Caki-1. In addition, Western blot showed that Ron was expressed in phosphorylated. i.e., active. form. Bcl-2 was strongly expressed in oncocytomas, whereas Ki-67 and p53 were much less expressed in oncocytomas than in carcinomas. These results indicate in Ron a marker that differentiates oncocytoma from the other renal epithelial tumors. We therefore think that Ron may prove to be a new tool for a sound and precise diagnosis of oncocytoma, a benign tumor that cannot always be distinguished from carcinomas at histologic examination. The overexpression of bcl-2, but not p53 in oncocytoma, suggests that the MSP/Ron system sustains the growth of oncocytoma by opposing apoptosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2632508
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