Water relation parameters were measured in six congeneric lichen species with different requirements for water availability and with green algae (Peltigera aphthosa, P. leucophlebia, P. venosa) or cyanobacteria (P. horizontalis, P. praetextata, P. rufescens) as main photobionts. Pressure-volume analysis was performed with a dewpoint hygrometer and integrated with anatomical analyses. The Peltigera species typical of arid environments were characterized by relatively lower osmotic potential (P0) and turgor loss point (TLP), and higher values of bulk modulus of elasticity (E). Both P0 and TLP were correlated to the size of medullary cells, while E was negatively correlated to cell dimensions. The adaptive value of low TLP might reside in the capability to maintain cell turgor for longer time intervals under dry conditions. High E might allow xerophilous lichens to regain cell turgor more promptly even for small amounts of water uptake, thus enlarging the cumulative period of positive carbon balance in environments with fluctuating water availability. The influence of the photobiont type is also discussed.

Water relation parameters of six Peltigera species correlate with their habitat preferences

NARDINI, Andrea;TRETIACH, Mauro
2013

Abstract

Water relation parameters were measured in six congeneric lichen species with different requirements for water availability and with green algae (Peltigera aphthosa, P. leucophlebia, P. venosa) or cyanobacteria (P. horizontalis, P. praetextata, P. rufescens) as main photobionts. Pressure-volume analysis was performed with a dewpoint hygrometer and integrated with anatomical analyses. The Peltigera species typical of arid environments were characterized by relatively lower osmotic potential (P0) and turgor loss point (TLP), and higher values of bulk modulus of elasticity (E). Both P0 and TLP were correlated to the size of medullary cells, while E was negatively correlated to cell dimensions. The adaptive value of low TLP might reside in the capability to maintain cell turgor for longer time intervals under dry conditions. High E might allow xerophilous lichens to regain cell turgor more promptly even for small amounts of water uptake, thus enlarging the cumulative period of positive carbon balance in environments with fluctuating water availability. The influence of the photobiont type is also discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2712281
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