Cogan's syndrome is a rare systemic vasculitis of unknown origin. It is characterized by the presence of worsening audiovestibular and ocular symptoms that may manifest simultaneously or sequentially. No specific diagnostic laboratory tests or imaging studies exist. The diagnosis is clinical and should be established as early as possible so as to initiate prompt treatment with steroids and prevent rapid progression to deafness or blindness and potentially fatal systemic involvement. We report a case of association between Cogan's syndrome and ileal Crohn's disease which we believe deserves attention since, after an accurate review of the literature, we have found approximately 250 reports of patients with Cogan's syndrome, only 13 of whom with concurrent chronic inflammatory bowel disease; of these 13 cases, none experienced improvement after therapy. In the light of the good outcome obtained in our case, we proposed a valid treatment option with boluses of steroids, combined with early systemic immunosuppression and intra-tympanic steroid injections. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Sudden hearing loss and Crohn disease: When Cogan syndrome must be suspected

TIRELLI, GIAN CARLO;QUATELA, ELIANA;PERRINO, FIORELLA;NICASTRO, LUCA;CATTIN, LUIGI;CARRETTA, RENZO
2015-01-01

Abstract

Cogan's syndrome is a rare systemic vasculitis of unknown origin. It is characterized by the presence of worsening audiovestibular and ocular symptoms that may manifest simultaneously or sequentially. No specific diagnostic laboratory tests or imaging studies exist. The diagnosis is clinical and should be established as early as possible so as to initiate prompt treatment with steroids and prevent rapid progression to deafness or blindness and potentially fatal systemic involvement. We report a case of association between Cogan's syndrome and ileal Crohn's disease which we believe deserves attention since, after an accurate review of the literature, we have found approximately 250 reports of patients with Cogan's syndrome, only 13 of whom with concurrent chronic inflammatory bowel disease; of these 13 cases, none experienced improvement after therapy. In the light of the good outcome obtained in our case, we proposed a valid treatment option with boluses of steroids, combined with early systemic immunosuppression and intra-tympanic steroid injections. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2860778
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